Tick prevention and care
How to avoid ticks and what to do if you’re bitten: Advice from the U.S. Center for Disease Control.
Avoid wooded and brushy areas with high grass and leaf litter.
Walk in the center of trails.
Use repellents that contain 20 to 30 percent DEET on exposed skin.
Use products that contain permethrin on clothing.
Shower within two hours of coming indoors to more easily find and wash off ticks.
Conduct a full-body tick check using a hand-held or full-length mirror to view all parts of your body. Pay special attention to armpits, ears, the belly button, behind the knees, between the legs, around the waist and especially in hair.
Examine gear and pets for ticks that might attach to you later.
Tumble dry clothes in a dryer on high heat for 10 minutes to kill ticks.
If you find a tick, remove it using fine-tipped tweezers. Grasp it as close to the skin as possible and pull upward with steady, even pressure. Thoroughly clean the bite area and your hands.
The PA Lyme Resource Network offers additional information on Lyme diagnosis, support groups, videos, and more at palyme.org.
For information on getting ticks tested, visit the Northeast Wildlife DNA Laboratory site atesu.edu/dna.
Updated 7 hours ago
It is, unfortunately, the new reality.
Once upon a time, going into the woods to hunt, fish a stream, hike a trail, camp and coming out again was something that could be accomplished without worry. No more.
Now, each outing should start with precautions and end with a full-body check.
Black-legged ticks, the pests that carry Lyme disease, have spread throughout the Northeast and upper Midwest and slowly but surely are filling in the gaps between.
No one knows what’s behind their appearance.
We don’t have a good answer to that question. And it’s a great question, said Rick Ostfeld, senior scientist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, N.Y., who has been studying ticks for 25 years
One theory holds that ticks were common across the Northeast until European settlers cleared standing forests, Ostfeld said. The thinking, he added, is they now simply are reclaiming old habitats.
What seems certain is ticks aren’t going away.
They’re here. That’s just the way it is now and probably forever, said Tom Simmons, a professor of environmental health at IUP. So at the end of the day, it really comes down to taking preventative measures. It’s a behavioral thing.
People have been slow to adapt.
According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, there were 38,069 diagnosed cases of Lyme disease in America in 2015, the latest year for which numbers are available. That ranked it the fifth-most-common notifiable disease nationally.
That doesn’t tell the story, though.
Keep in mind that the number of reported cases does not reflect every case of Lyme disease that is diagnosed in the United States every year, said Kate Fowlie, spokeswoman with the CDC.
Studies suggest that roughly 300,000 people are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year in the United States.
This might be an especially bad season for new cases.
Ostfeld said his research shows the abundance of ticks is predicated not on white-tailed deer populations, as many believe, but on acorns and white-footed mice.
When oak forests produce a banner crop of acorns, wildlife simply can’t consume them all, Ostfeld said. Mice store the surplus and get a jump start on reproduction.
Their population booms the following summer, he said.
The mice are in turn the perfect host, he added. Unlike raccoons, opossums, squirrels and other mammals, they’re not very good at grooming away larval ticks.
So the year after a mouse boom, tick numbers explode, Ostfeld said.
That’s a concern now.
Large areas of the Northeast had lots of acorns in 2015. They’ll see lots of ticks this year, Ostfeld said.
Outdoorsmen and women are on their own for dealing with that.
While the Food and Drug Administration recently approved clinical trials for a human Lyme disease vaccine, there isn’t one yet available, Fowlie said.
A vaccine for mice might be closer.
A Nashville company called US Biologic is seeking federal approval for an oral one. Much like the U.S. Department of Agriculture drops fish cakes containing rabies vaccine from airplanes to inoculate raccoons, US Biologic would like to distribute Lyme vaccine by hand or using a timed-release system, said chief executive officer Mason Kauffman.
Field trials in New York showed a significant drop in infected ticks, he said. Results of a more recent three-year study in Connecticut are pending.
Similarly, researchers with the Tick-borne Diseases Program in New Jersey learned bait boxes that treat visiting hungry mice with insecticides led to 97 percent fewer ticks in study areas. But it takes two years to see that change, they wrote.
In the meantime, people shouldn’t be afraid to go outside, said Jeff Covelli of New Castle, who is affiliated with the PA Lyme Resource Network.
They do need to use caution, though, he said. He knows. His wife and son contracted Lyme disease.
With his son especially, there have been serious health implications, he said.
Once you get it, it’s an absolute mess, Covelli said. It’s like trying to put together a 1,000-piece jigsaw puzzle one piece at a time.
Covelli is adamant that outdoors-oriented people need to be proactive in avoiding similar troubles. That includes doing regular tick checks after each outing.
The key, the absolute key going forward, is prevention, he said. It’s something people have to be mindful of.
Look closely when doing checks, Simmons said.
Adult ticks about the size of a sesame seed are relatively easy to spot, he said. Nymph-stage ticks about the size of a poppy seed are not. They’re also more worrisome, he said, as they account for most cases of Lyme.
They’ll become more common going forward, he added, with their numbers peaking in mid-July.
Not all ticks carry Lyme disease, but anyone finding one should see a doctor immediately, said Nicole Chinnici, a forensic scientist at the Northeast Wildlife DNA Laboratory at East Stroudsburg. Save the tick, too, she suggested, so doctors know what they’re dealing with.
Right now, the very best way to know if you’ve been infected is to get your tick tested, Chinnici said.
If that’s inconvenient, it’s just the way things are, Simmons said.
If you go outside, you’re at risk. People have to understand that and take precautions, he said.
Bob Frye is the Tribune-Review outdoors editor. Reach him at 412-216-0193 or firstname.lastname@example.org. See other stories, blogs, videos and more at everybodyadventures.com.
See the original post here:
Increasing presence of ticks requires change in behavior | TribLIVE – Tribune-Review
- Squirrel Pest Control in Bronx, NYC - bedbugnewyorkcity.com - February 17th, 2019
- The 10 Best Squirrel Control Services in New York, NY 2019 - February 17th, 2019
- Do Ultrasonic Pest Repellents Really Work? | Today's Homeowner - February 10th, 2019
- Getting Squirrels Out of Attics & Eaves - Safe-Home.com - February 9th, 2019
- New York City Squirrel Removal and Wildlife Control Pro ... - January 1st, 2019
- Pest Control Services New York City - Pro Pest Control ... - January 1st, 2019
- 3 Ways to Cope With the Sound of Rats at Night - wikiHow - November 15th, 2018
- The 10 Best Squirrel Control Services in New York, NY 2018 - July 30th, 2018
- Pest Control Cost Guide 2018 - Homeadviceguide - July 27th, 2018
- Pest Control NJ, Pest Control NYC, Bed Bug Exterminator NYC E - July 25th, 2018
- Squirrel Exterminator Buffalo, NY | Squirrel Pest Control ... - July 22nd, 2018
- Contrac Blox - Do-It-Yourself Pest Control - May 23rd, 2018
- Bed bug - Wikipedia - May 18th, 2018
- Squirrel Pest Control & Removal - Get Rid of Squirrels - April 8th, 2018
- Do Ultrasonic Electronic Pest Repellents Really Work ... - March 25th, 2018
- Bed Bug Laws New York | NY Bed Bug Laws | Beyond Pest ... - December 16th, 2017
- Squirrel Gallery :: Bed Bugs Pest Control NYC - December 11th, 2017
- American Oil Beetle (Meloe Proscarabaeus) | Beyond Pest ... - November 26th, 2017
- Soldier Beetle-How to get rid of ... - Beyond Pest Control - November 25th, 2017
- Squirrel Exterminator Syracuse, NY | Squirrel Pest Control ... - November 23rd, 2017
- 10 Ways To Keep Those Pesky Ants Out Of Your Kitchen ... - November 22nd, 2017
- Pest Control Services in Charleston, SC - HomeAdvisor.com - November 10th, 2017
- Pest Control Cost Guide 2017 - Pest Control Prices UK ... - September 4th, 2017
- In contrast to Stonington, Westerly hasn't had too many problems with rats - The Westerly Sun - September 1st, 2017
- VH1 Announces Scared Famous Starring Tiffany Pollard, Erica Mena, Drita D'Avanzo, Alaska Thunderfk, and More! - VH1.com (blog) - August 26th, 2017
- A Brief History of Traveling With Cats | Travel | Smithsonian - Smithsonian - August 15th, 2017
- GAM Exterminating - Pest & Termite Control - August 14th, 2017
- CINNAMON JANZER: Dogs have better manners than some children - Apalachicola Times - August 14th, 2017
- Exterminators :: Manhattan :: NYC :: Squirrels Gallery - August 12th, 2017
- Wildlife in Town: the Good, the Bad and the Ugly. - The Hutchinson News - July 8th, 2017
- Mad Minute stories from Thursday, July 6th - Spokane, North Idaho ... - KHQ Right Now - July 7th, 2017
- Exploring Outdoors Kan.: Wildlife in town the good, the bad and the ugly - hays Post - July 4th, 2017
- Squirrel , Pest Control and Pest Extermination in Nyc ... - July 3rd, 2017
- Bat conservation group to roost in Pontiac - The Detroit News - June 30th, 2017
- Bed Bug Liability Claims on the Rise, Allianz Reports - PCT Magazine - June 26th, 2017
- How a Joke About Flying Squirrels Led to an Ailing Woman's Cure - New York Times - June 22nd, 2017
- Tracking invasive species? Follow the people - Malay Mail Online - June 13th, 2017
- Rodenticide Market Headed for Growth and Global Expansion by 2020 - Digital Journal - May 24th, 2017
- How to: Tips on avoiding ticks this summer - Total Landscape Care - May 16th, 2017
- Brian Kelly Of East End Tick & Mosquito Control: Nothing Bugs This Entrepreneur For Long - Hamptons.com - May 15th, 2017
- 15 astounding facts about trees - Mother Nature Network (blog) - April 28th, 2017
- Noises In the Wall - Colonial Pest Control - February 11th, 2017
- Viking Termite and Pest Control NJ, NY PA, MD & DE - February 10th, 2017
- Ultracide Flea Spray Aerosol | Do-It-Yourself Pest Control - January 31st, 2017
- Contrac Blox | Contrac Rodent Bait - Pest Control Store - December 22nd, 2016
- Bed Bug Control - New Jersey Bed Bug Pest Control - November 30th, 2016
- New York Pest Control & Exterminator in NYC | Standard Pest - November 22nd, 2016
- squirrel repellent for roof - Pest Control Supplies ... - November 22nd, 2016
- The Pest Advice: What is the Scratching I Hear in My Roof? - November 14th, 2016
- Squirrel Removal Services | Ehrlich Pest Control - October 14th, 2016
- New Jersey Bed Bug Pest Control - Action Bed Bug ... - August 10th, 2016
- New Jersey Bed Bug Control - Action Pest Control - August 10th, 2016
- Deer Mice vs. House Mice - PCT - Pest Control Technology - July 27th, 2016
- T1 Mouse Disposable Bait Station | Do-It-Yourself Pest Control - July 13th, 2016
- Pest Control NJ - Pest Control NYC - July 10th, 2016
- Bed Bugs NYC Exterminator | Bed Bug Treatment in New York - June 7th, 2016
- Rat Infestation| What causes rat ... - Beyond Pest Control - June 7th, 2016
- Bed Bug Exterminator Services in The Bronx, NY, NYC - June 7th, 2016
- Exterminators :: The Bronx :: NYC :: Squirrels Gallery - June 7th, 2016
- Squirrel Exterminator Pest Control By Bed Bugs Brooklyn ... - June 7th, 2016
- pest control business.how to start a pest control business ... - October 22nd, 2015
- Milkshake Squirrel Steals Shake Shack from NYC Garbage ... - October 21st, 2015
- Bed Bugs Exterminator Brooklyn NYC: Brooklyn Pest Control - October 21st, 2015
- World, Bed Bug Registry Map Bed Bug Infestation Reports ... - September 27th, 2015
- New York City Bed Bug Registry Maps & Database NYC Bed ... - September 25th, 2015
- Exterminator NYC | Pest Control Services in New York City - September 23rd, 2015
- JP McHale Pest Management, Inc - September 17th, 2015
- Affordable Pest Control Service In NYC, New Jersey ... - September 17th, 2015
- Exterminator NYC-Bed Bug Treatment-Pest Control New York - September 17th, 2015
- NJ Pest Control | Wildlife Removal | 24 Hour Exterminator - August 12th, 2015
- Squirrel Removal Squirrel Pest Control NYC Squirrel ... - August 2nd, 2015
- Hiram ME Pest Control, Bat Removal, Squirrel Control, Ant ... - July 6th, 2015
- Squirrels at Wikipedia Pest Control in New York City - June 8th, 2015
- Don't allow people to kill fox squirrels for pest control! - April 22nd, 2015
- Squirrel gallery, Staten Island Pest Control, Pest Control ... - April 4th, 2015
- New York Pest Control Products and Supplies ... - March 22nd, 2015
- JoeBlue Pest Control Exterminators - March 15th, 2015
- What Are the Different Types of Squirrels? :: pest-control ... - February 27th, 2015
- Brooklyn NY Exterminator & Pest Control Services | Pro ... - February 11th, 2015
- NYC Pest Control | Postive Pest | Exterminator NYC ... - January 30th, 2015