May 14th, 2017

5-13-17 5-7am The Outdoor Show with Don Dubuc.mp3 – WWL First News

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And happy Mother’s Day weekend to you got there aren’t celebrate with ma ma take a nation. With that in restaurant. In not denials. Please remember to call. Mom always cared about us we will pay well a lot of things going on this weekend aside the Mother’s Day weekend celebration we squirrel seasons in place spring’s season. Had a chance to get out there and cried 087 eighths to export like if some. Sprained oral. Cool temperatures going to be movement in this morning and so good conditions spring’s world. Also at some blockage reports coming up pretty rough weather system moved legal Eagles out these island. Alabama all week yesterday but all the way that we professional. All arisen parliament professionals to update. On fish that’s which plan calls for this weekend. Check out the website arm the outdoors guy got on that good crippled and go with captain this week. It was VW EB fish and game report on Thursday 6 PM news if you missed it. Website the show it’s right there a lot of other things you can listen to this radio program. He can catch some of these programs over the last week. At some. Outdoor pool right now ask you this question. Now that the year’s seasons gone by and witness thanks in outlook and had. A population where you is becoming more or less or opposite. Right now 70%. Of the people responding thing you are becoming more now normal. 185 cents thing about this well right now nobody thinks that in the last not normal. I talked to police have a lot of theories on why that is in the world that we use these. Also you can check out guys and television on the web page again it down the outdoors guy that term. This program immediately following is from 79 called more on that. Shrimp season now open in one’s old central part of the state. It will be open in all waters that we haven’t Monday morning. Ian good look on opening. And now know each week we’ve always managed to have a web blog feature where you this time it is swap peoples are. About oral. A top boy the outdoors for you due out today at 10% chance of rain is that system moves on nodding here. North northwest wind offshore eat it that’s. What he’s. Inside protected waters this range morally mentally. North wind five and its move that much better than that. Average time at one point goes it’s water movement marbles when shackled at Easton the south east offshore. 815. To three c.’s north east switching to south the east. On the inside protected brazenly. Five and light instance conditions as the minutes I’d range one point two. In Mississippi River is about thirteen Wallin. On fresh water on the space where it was well below. All right 87 its nominee is not text message board and if you pointed out that news but some crawfish. On the first of archbishop rubble croft is off today. Rommel camp missile battery and stuff that is 25 blocks you can be point judging all crop which. Taste in both the winning that archbishop global high school. It’s at nineteen awards. We I’d come back right after this we’ll start off without Robbie camp bow down she’ll beach. Ozzie what’s left at that. Really nasty storm moved across well we guess that. Much for the weekend. You more about it on this Mother’s Day weekend coming back in you’re listening to outdoors with did you radio network. I would just got past the full moon cycle and now got a good tied range water hopefully will be clearing up well left in some pretty muddy conditions and a lot of rain we income and Wes that’s good that it’s only to improve as we speak let’s check in Robbie ample. Examples marine in shell beach and find out what’s happened in them probably good morning what’s gone on its shell beach. Good morning. Tell you we had a phenomenal week. The government you know terrible record here or record to Marco my whole life. It’s been on a majority of its ban on and anywhere from the other side of the am. Short rocks along rocks. Copper Allan. Demand talent. Bail laws written bail while openly kill lock up there among. From Procter point around up to the all he goes by Biloxi. I’m telling is his brand is better phenomenal week a lot of trial court battle outside the modern. Become an indicted they’ve got decision Eric bishop and a book marked it anomalous beat great. Call a lot read it man uses a great great week. Yesterday. Yesterday was all right not to you know that whether Astro play and I don’t think its third thing up enough where. We won’t you know we should have a great day today so. I’ll tell you did you know that I mean it’s it’s it’s on now our mission is is that is better than ever banner can’t. Tell you swing the bat. Could have. Been gory. Note that well in my phenomenal. It might be easier to talk about places when not to go because just about every place you name is on that whether it’s a big bay are small they are against the rock soul oyster reefs platforms sounds like that patient is on at a usual mostly locker room but the combination with the linemen in the plastics was that. Well yeah I mean mostly by a firm that did them you know against taught them some guidance which and the plastic. And it worked in board you know most of the guys caught the beneficial locks on the week. He I think you know I he would say oil. You know throw back with. Does this that quality Coca-Cola suite in boxes just. Beautiful beautiful arrangement as it’s been it’s been a great week you. You know those facial most of these many say Pollyanna to go back so it has been. You know everything but looks like equipment box. You know upmanship talent got bigger and go back triple box. You know offered in Lebanon average story like you always hear it would. A lot of it isn’t long long blocks short rocked by remote ball. Yeah then its Arab. And so on and so. You know in fear and depression mode now Pam did argue whether it mattered how hot it’s hot believe me it’s not. You were Uga more now Robbie. You know the ladies fish. But summaries and all the ladies low flat out does this is mother’s days a lot of guys that Google vision and they wanna bring momma fly around and stuff that that you around the nation and most that he is up and talk and really. Also this we are about Germany’s image quality in. Not yeah Manning not not man just just you. On there’s a on the difference in New York crowd. And being out. You know you gotta this year mornings ago hole it on what they like elated and made it passes. Upon the tricky to get in the united typical you know. In addition to recede call you know Croat army and it’s it’s it’s a whole different setup catcher. They’re mostly the bottom against those Islam and you can serve he has come in here call on a couple so well. You know what are your dog good tactic to is along the bottom of those rocks eat in the mystical along that and God’s plan is there an ambush wanna get in the best situated our dates as embodied in on out Ingram you know. Exactly like sandy bottom. Like the Layla and bottom. You know on edible holes like go away if you finished like armed by you where we’re at war comes out by soup in your finished about a month Carolina rig and just let you know. Involved that they Wear you know well maybe that’s why I think that you know have more what did he could swim a little bit. They’ll ambushes like that and it’s and that’s a good way to catch on this but I haven’t been in them and while the dominant beyond what you would. You know. Have made people that there’s some yacht which about it they’d been by then you know by current separate macro mode so. You know that’s that’s what that the bishops called in and around here basically right now also. What you want to step on the you’ve got to do you have become different got a system but yeah I didn’t gold along Crocs you know so that’s. There’s just keep it moderate democratic get motivated on the that’s what you gotta do. We got to keep them honest you know we’re. I’m out there. Roddick got a compliment them and almonds eggs to good to see the transition from Lansing says the Robby ample work out well typical examples now obviously I’m new on the radio groove. Rebels after their kayak via report elections that that’s from Michael. Appreciate well. Well I appreciated thank you very much an economic environment goods aren’t ma and see you know commentaries. Women assigned Jonathan. Great people men and you know glad it all worked out the dollar could say it. You know. Good transit. And which aren’t count. He’s that good yeah out well in our mark on. All right college. Asian wallets and enjoy the issue of it and it would make it aren’t. Aren’t out and about. As it is it’s Robby opposed. It should. Welcome back in the moguls text message here. Allison all way all what you do. You. Dates. From him while robbing. Text responds on the back next though the bush Weis another one bills. Those those com pictures that the economy you say because the issue and so being so many out there island well. And tell you about it after this outdoors on you. And when you hear that music you know what’s common one captain Tokyo bourgeois who has been wherein the trial out. The island by its Ali. Bought some more pictures men it is if it’s just keep all common man he. Did pretty well. That’s some pretty epic they that yes and daddy. Red is drag going now page at. They all those guys. That often taxes and knit company and as a new angle and change. Look on the mode good water and roller bags in it and they’ve won and we did weighed about not violence and and though that on top that now in line Natick pop. I don’t know what so crazy parent and I cannot convert them but Novo commonly known so Ramallah and in Obama caught associate. But it did and again and pay them on top what I came to that that is you know Clearwater. Twenty points Lou Grant it is like. Why they won’t do it took a look great but particularly about the some things. That festering in the year and that nap around about that announces that it abundantly commitment total. Audit its total. But the Somalis on those not in nineteen inches in the biggest and one was it 26 centers. And they. It happened. That no 11 on eagle Brit. There’s a small. So that the numbers island numbers goes there and you move down he’d just got to move is no one’s got that it every day and a young and as well. There’s bouncing around on the Amman programs that. Using a tree rat apple debate and keep on plastic. They get there I’m just may. The case that Kagan on that we had people but the local B and West Bank at the rock and as a dad from the Arctic and I’ll point out as the media we get mom mom played again. And it will Mac construction company out of that route again at thirty deeply right now that both here. Might that occasionally and again the group in Tampa at twelve match and ample and there. So get them vote on and man in it’s ended consultation. W. More so in the seat as you speak. Incompetent candidate whether it came to that night. Well that on the board. You know mean and we wouldn’t compare and that you know you know taken out fishing but wouldn’t get in your hate you know where in the spring we get on him as a trial is. Corey Allen as the Redskins so. This year compared of the past four years. So greatly across the board and people talk about numbers and size and want. It is now this now you don’t appear on the scale of oh. Everybody that. Such as great one on them down about you now obviously I am it got close deputy you know keeping numbers and size so. What is the right now on the net knows no no column. But it it would have been out yet they do they talk about. It because I dig in the food packet the net debt that he would about it. Like that camp and play yet then things get. I can’t when that they would does win it on and off wet and they ignored west southwest not let a banned from the I guess today in Margaret gain and a I wanna look they’ve been elected that there are quick question right now and a lot of people achieve some things and and without from the way back when it Medicaid. Even now to Asia session in years coming up. That the buffer question I have for you get business and to actually be an am on the list and doling out the engine and if people didn’t close the they’ll go to the Nazis in light. And it. What that but. Right about. You look back. At a Texas yesterday is that accurate that the contact is Carla is wrapped. Whereas some and it could immediately that would enter the you can actually take in numbers and get a ticket which I don’t know it is true that that still yet to guide from. Is from corpus. Is dominant in I think that Israel Iraq has been hampered it a habit you know just thirty years after it time whereas like. Well let them and you don’t know. He indicated. Debugging code. And think about Brazil you know I mean. Yet through a beat and he has great that community and we opposition again still Carol. At the coax. You know that you. You know some people use that. Some people use the rule on that testing is you know I shouldn’t be able. And you’ll. That and that’s why you this year. You know you’re on now that’s a whole different story yeah some some nosy people there as I mean we work in bars I think people just don’t know. In Kabul SE and they wanna talk and it’ll realized what school on a bird bird and its mission on this. In both come front and that’s not all that and it’s I am at the end of the road island. You don’t actually you know. Well I wanna hip problem. They can actually be 87870. In what you consider. Courteous distant stay away from another boat now there’s other things to you know sometimes people. Will call you in those monies in the you can catch you won’t will star as part though Tom justice only income it yet. It was they would that is you know eat it appears this trip in the apartment air well kitchen numbers on the big island bit. Holograms are gay people anchor. In the he would compound that is going to write you weird and I have fun dropped about how it. So that’s cool him to do that people way spec the you to get to that spot as well when he when you get in a nagging political Coca like when it would out pitch is. Like picking up well. Sometimes it depends on weight off I’ll finished over there in Gately. You better not come pulls symbolic technology Knoll. You know nominal Cottam and then Seabrook bridge in new rule. That it suburban urban fashion and a silent vote right next. Guys you think you could you compare any place. I just r.s one those somebody sent casting distance. Times to. Crew. That would be yeah. Yeah and it cast in this something contest of the community at that other people like you wouldn’t. But don’t don’t you can oh yards are reacting gave him. Jack in Gator. And with. It. It Europe and that well I have some quality isn’t it in and out on the on the on the web page opinion poll next we got a quiz what is that you go to an opinion at least not analysis it’ll have people thinking about amassed about that harassment law and that might be something in. Institute in Louisiana I think he’d be artistic process. I hit it below the top of the players like people knowledgeable about to get space to work together where birds get a bit. Out of that they had done that now how candidate as he edged but as we’ve got coats. I just read a lot. On it threatened funny. It at that thing is you you you got out much at that point you know everything’s productive but the thing is just got a new. And trying you know wait in some damage that they colleges. The presentation. Yet they’re quick that it right now than it was made him a depression had a 18 ounce and it. You and shallow water and they debated at the unit won a difference and I’ll find out about it I was you know it’s of people did not sample were on. You get did it change change color and head Khaled he would change sides wait presentation. That the dynamic that he is leader. It had to changes that read it and you know good again and debate that you look at school. Really quit. And I I think seeing the pictures settles up to drop music following day in no doubt I’m looking mammoth seven under water but it politician can check that out over the enemy that statement is on FaceBook. We want to write it’ll let them may give duke they couched in actually in that get about that they don’t do it yeah. Don’t rate them as you can bank in agony again that here and got DOD deny that reality may make the moment. That the committee. Bible. People and I think one born we’ll have the noise next week we gonna be listened to account get and that that. You go. More integrity. Economy they come and I know it would gimmicks. That are. It goes a Louisiana man coming back though it was with some of these what is a courtesy. Casting distance what should you give someone now once on. On the war how close your QB what you can it’s 877. You can text me. Right there and will be back with more efficient reports of all that stuff you and I love to talk about this idea on the outdoors on the view. Radio and I got also a special on it this morning we’re asking you consider safe. Distance from votes what Tuesday distance where someone would be courteous mansion. Stay away he can Ellison lead in casting distance anyway you’d like to express that no fuel which while brought them back and each one about. You reported how they judge a safe distance more respectable. Distance to be away from another blow. And I got some of those and then will be back to share with you off about text one but we policies in seconds. While local stations to identify themselves on the outdoors with John Dubuque unit. Now we have bust some of our regulars texting and also shall you folks and welcome everyone is one from the team not my old nieces and water is high and money. Grabs everywhere yet faces. And then we have a Lafayette yak says good morning he wants to which good luck to all of you nation at oak point classic over point mission marina. He’s not mission this week and it’s about the moms in money dues you know. One misstep and an open door fears terrorists could plan at the females make fishing and hunting. Rubio listen to reports that some cough it up and Lafayette is Toby. Guess where he’s going in and Gary back Delco I don’t blame can put that money up and hope is that red phone last week. It’s still in the same place state news that it now and yet so he sent me some pictures and point you hackable and go last week he has. And we hear from a buddy Justin says this is just it’s great Saturday from Chile you know where he’s talking. On the Iverson flying apostles on the agency here. And he’s going to throw frisbee was rednecks that. It just one more laid back this week he just makes life. As you know always. Hear from us. And then we got Tex he listens to a sought in the smoky mountains he says finally no snow twisters common. The winds are about the west at five it’s 59 degrees seized on. That we have but Dylan Blackwell in his data petition for writ petition ballot bowl where should we go. What is the best on the issue they use. I’ve look at the reds get along those grass beds along those those shorelines that initially maybe gold too late leery. Some of the twin pipeline and some little school. Pockets offered their body just got to look formula on the updated they do what you wanna use. Spinner baits and good but you something you intently grass comfortable voting for all the world well it’s been a great that you. Drunk on high yield. Top that. Here’s one no one in Vietnam report on domicile kayak fishing at the trop there. Brent and they aren’t coming up show will talk about it yeah and wind is out of north so that’s mission on the beach are biblical team last already deprived they whack at trial last Thursday outside. Down in holes ago deletions I’d here’s one that says a safe distance away. The vote to vote is the casting distance times to. Another says when I’ve finished out of a boat. I offered them two time off to me and not dirty then Attica. And analysts as casting distance is the best courtesy however rarely happens when the bite is hot thing that wrote lol well. Another would says when I can finish 12 days a month there is no Curtis. Fool. You. Is once says hundred yards as that’ll 300 foot he is once those fifty yards amid slow not like you landed a 747. Also no blank just can contest is that it’s deceit. Yeah you know I agree with the ethics of people just don’t know I don’t think you’d be in discovered he has intentionally. They really don’t know all about talk about this it will give it. Is one that says the vote it’s too close to me I asked if they wanna careful on its its captain wade they probably would take you up. I coming back evidence we’ll talk it up rules by about what he thinks is saw courtesy or respectful. Distance apart people we’d fish and make them one and get a fresh water commission report. All that one coming back on the outdoors with Don W radio. And I Bassett freshwater reporters brought him by Berkley a division of pure fishing when you hear names like Abu Garcia all Berkeley and all Johnson Mitchell and despite a watched Brian trial in an ugly weather is rods real goal line you know it ovals Berkeley products division of fuel efficient. Jeff ruled joins us in depth report gets started on your report now measuring safe distance or a respectful distance on another vote. Now I think it’s different if you bass vision north of salt water patients so it should explain both. The problem assi with the disparities best judgments on the knuckle brawl you may be more and down a bank in. The vote comes up from behind in economic jumps ahead in the eighties thought were riding in like that resident. You know giving you the courtesy of eminent. What is your theory on on respectful boating. Patient round of the bulls. And just about you know there’s a new government that says basically that the deal. In terms that you that rules would you grown anchor in the past sermons somebody came within I’d like fifty yard they could have be disqualified from the tournament. Now look at all these neutral motors the motors and power poles and things like that somehow the talk detailed it somebody’s gonna anchor. But I don’t know you know white group in front of the so I would say Kath and you gonna have the opposite politicians some. The yeah you do you have the right kind of to own a little bit maybe that. But you know cut you know this doesn’t do it and Ayers as somebody that’s spot. You know come back later compounded by letters in my judgment evidently so he’s not really didn’t see it because of that hasn’t been critique of political it’s too. Jeff you’re also Visio assault or quite a bit let’s say for its tradition causeway or trestle bridge Obama’s audio. What do you consider respectful distance to get some one finish. Welcome for the public as we hardly ever think there and you kind of you passed around as did those the passed around them keep going but on the Tressel manage itself crowd that. Not vision around the values is this important prison at the moment truffles. Almost where it’s such fraud is almost like Seabrook come down. To argue current economic Illinois you know trying to cap on top via the it worked out on the triples you can kind of tighten up there. Probably you’ve just got to go around skip the other rooted in the comeback to it is an area where there’s not a lot of anglers and still catch it. Jeff I get into backed efficient reports so what’s going on around it’s awful lot base and I guess that rivers do Oak Creek and counsels at. Yet yet you still go on the basis that pseudo. Some of the reports most of Sony’s. A bell river and the rather produce and from the better stringer. You don’t crank bait for debate site around the latest entries things like that on the main river so long points in the late. And yet to win not to yet to catch him. But they do have our warriors donors need to be careful on that subject camp Slava no wake zone now so be be careful that the Erica to this in the coming years Tesla is depend on the weather in the land that you can get there. At a bank limited. Trees in New York that that is an area. And Jeff about the pearl. It’s kind of high on upper reaches and then we had that weird situation when with a west wind and release a lot on galore and a marchment. I’m sure that’s probably change right now. Yet Dublin beat this week it was it was muddy earlier in the week but that’s not a bad thing on approach keeping my argument it’s anyway but. It set the trend continues it might follow about it that he beat this week. But right now if you you know there and you see my voice was absolutely no warning it’s from the protected by these popcorn and just drag the world what the rules mall innovate on the grass you know not up titled the bank the main town in the channel. So to be able bluebird late Tuesday. To get after the ship its look with small that the league on an intensive budget this is that a problem the grass protection for exit. And further up in the polls. That would clear the domino and they have hard you know rock and they got and I expressed that on Monday on the whole link that the Colonia. On the west side that there’s going to be. Pretty hot and the bat but you know there is Summers past its view that you don’t know prop. But it is normally keeps you think it would be to give this drains in now upon annually economies in March up in the would. Jeff this is a very popular time of the year for Brent fisherman what advice can you give him. Look on the ramp that you don’t care efficiently Japan to phone bill or somewhere there in the market you can convert him. That loaded the dough programs sometimes this time a year you can it’s great that that action now branded. I just stood tall order for him collar crime dates may be suspended plastic cup point that the mimic what looked around the you kind of brand I’m talking to my district well so pay attention he’s just a consent argued it will preempt school grounds. District that current look at vice. Brim beds on disposition program in good position fast. Jeff tournament what’s coming up. Chicago on May 23 blockers and at least pearl that the dollar entropy. And is that payable at the launch a new and advanced placement. Credit market she’s you know it is kind of the law so this could start to think there’s block on in areas like that out this round. Detroit area but some different areas that this split its good event to have easy could turn out good little player. I want to wish them luck Jeff thanks so much my friend efficient today. You know taken on bill. Are. Let them on the to follow that that doesn’t win season they do they do indeed and you know it has sufficient to the American point for the in other topics for next here go to. I haven’t talked to can be part Kovalev put together aren’t there yet so don’t go gitmo lessons the end. Alas Tommy was thought he might become the teacher seemed like he had it won recently yeah. Couple weeks and needed win and the last few weeks have been definitely and so it goes try to change that. Always. Nicer put up that weekend. Athletic and welcome back right after this get so caught it and I’ll report on out and try out down on impeachment does like the way. You Clark has the answer him back also lots excrement and about safe casting distances. Voting distances and courtesy on long. 87870s. And is your opinion will be right oh well so feel opened up a big fan and I can’t see it seems like we have a lot of respect in its courteous each week from export vehicles scuffle on the growth we talked captain now call them. And now he operates. Reels agreements dot com. The guy serves offshore shortened Darrell. First off Bob. Handled boats that come up too close to what you consider respectful. As they await them. Pop it. On a lot we know. Bought. It actually get in pro life. What would you did well because it being alert you about. It too late to get our. There well. That’s a big deal on the but I think it. That would be not be what I. Would think that is what. And you don’t have an accent asked permission you know as you approach him. You know in in most of the time they’ll take yet Taiwanese here and sometimes it might be a situation where you have to Ronald affairs. I could give couples Norman and I’ll tell you that though. A little bit of all communication goes along way and Darryl sounds like to eat up all the water out. Where are you mass. Well we’ve that we we opportunity that we just Wear out the beat. A and hopefully it dug it up pretty. Would it all multiple. A little. Bit bigger. And bought it you get back on. It pretty well. And yet but. We regret now. Might. Order and I’ll do. It look like. Trampled by an. Adult. I didn’t make it clear that it would. I can. Oh. Pick up. The court that an advocate. Well yeah to take advantage of this web page. Today no it’s Mother’s Day weekend it’s got to bring about belong to. Albany’s try to give out tickets it is owned company places doubt it was contacted the nation. I know you got to artists coming out of reds snapped what you got to work nine days of president federal waters though I’m sure that’s gonna book rather quickly and tell people how to find it. Republican who died on. Real agreement that now. Our victory. Three. 88. Usually we that we get all it looked like it tell them. Beautiful yet like all of that light by then they’ll win it should be beautiful on the beach and send me some pictures that you don’t mind. I. Well hopefully it’ll it’ll blow through a slow dial boy you know give him a friend was an addict. That is captain Darryl call but there reels agreements that. I’d budget a lot of information here 00 on this boating courtesy. This one says assuming. Again. Fifty yards coming in slow one of Owens says. Wanted to ask the gods if they think it’s OK to start throwing their fate at the boat when you think it’s too close of CNET done but I don’t recommend that because. So that might come back your way and we feel really stupid that he would. All right we come back we will continue this got a lot more text 8787. If you wanna send me one more efficient reports. People listeners and Alabama understand your upset some people called the Civil Disobedience. All of that ridiculous red snapper season we’ll talk about that also update you on the best. Of Louisiana outdoors contest and that body outdoors a small guy is a bad boy back with more on the outdoors wood down the game. And rocket into Florida the two of my Mother’s Day edition of the outdoor show went at you with us and a automatic pass some information along with the regard to our Alabama listeners though with the emirates now season they can be opening up this one season which extends nine nautical miles. On Friday may 26 come at a pretty soon. And will be open until July 30 cars. Of this year. Now the feds in you know we announced this last week announced that the federal waters for private recreational boat with a full 72 hour season that’s right June 1. June 3. And people along the Alabama coast salt what punishment on not happy orange beat city councilman Jeff Boyd is on this issue. He says some people call in the Civil Disobedience. And bought it should keep it snapped while the season is closed in protest. Now we hear from people like fishermen mark is Kennedy automobile. He says the he hopes that this three bases that motivate the wreck occasionally goes to get involved in the process. He’s frustrated he’s turned freshwater fish nets had recently been crop be patient on big creek lake there’s nothing we can keep from the gulf to eat. Have a policy that day when the federal government comes in tells this week he snapped a group or trigger fish in and Jack right when the fishing season traditionally. Starts. I don’t know that some of the other local communities. It snapped the original long an album calls the business and absolutely and have a negative impact of the economy’s. Is about the quotes loses an overabundance of red snapper from three miles 200. Which do have some deep drops in the bottom 100 feet of water will real big it’s now but we haven’t done that won it all well populated everything that aren’t bottom structure. Crawling out the of the fish and eminent negative impact on the reach this will be in. An abomination and upon a fisheries management is it’s now is tours. Ago. Hopefully this sumo legislation in the works plus. All right we also law a talking about voting courtesy. Or possibly law who report while the wave brought to each week ample outdoors and we thank them. Willingness to feel animals Russ tackle box. Rusty brought up it’ll voting courtesy. How far away is a safe distance he said he had a custom texas’ they have 300. All law that is in for Austin you can be cited. For arresting another punishment. So we opened that up and people texting in messages that bought Soyuz one it says. Any suggestions on how to make rate instruments slow down these young guys and at 50000 dollar tricked out. Votes fly by our camp hope dale canal. One yeah I’ll I’ll and they turn their head and look the other way we need cameras if there is such that they are canal between. In hope they’ll go in anonymous at lifts so they beat the crap bottom boats. Speak in about it finished parliament that human. Another says about voters have a little bit courtesy the issue and it just a little bit. Says if you creek in all my patients spot you can. New cast and crossed my line. I’ll give you the fictional but I’m leaving Ole. Allegation. As good if some Japanese over Coleman by you’d mention they got us on radio. And by you choose. Says Britain officials couldn’t buy UD got trial lay in the got lots of today’s stop by the way Thursday evenings of forest greens. On now punishment in a month. He just refused to use them by you’d mentions him Thursday. And they do it guy next to. Buy you cast. Like home some really nice spots. We got a text in them JT he’s from Okaloosa b.s in Canada. Excellent a lot of the charter only you’re on the late for each. When somebody gets too close to his vote yes they wanna finish in his life. Gate deal too much though this is beautifully I’ll come back next week she’ll invoke elusive. Linda coaches now are right she didn’t show was a while back about love she’s coming back almost show. Grand opening at dockside read this time and access anymore to be out there. By the by a combined effect is cooking while he’d call and Vigo Lott knows well. Field. See what else we got here okay. Chartered guides if you old. Shelby each. Well if you listen to rock beats both report. Shelby’s vision is alive and well on issues and yet the report. By coming back after this wouldn’t be talking to the march and by you cover boy. For the month of hey I’m talking about captain Mike Gallo back with his report that at this time out on the outdoorsman Don. It does not picked up this month’s edition of martian volume magazine. On the opposite view it issues that I hold in the hole it’s sky captain might vote culpable for martian you Agassi. Captain my accident it. Well. I. Beautiful vision and a good story want. They copy and read it like you’ve got the yeah I’ve talked about that is. What he considers safe distance. Asking this from another boat without India it. You can’t. Market greater you know. The hundreds of oh. Blink theory. Yeah and of course it always helps to approach you know on scroll ball or drift in the especially the vision that hurt me that they. You know it doesn’t do any good to stay safe distance away from a poignant in field. Wide open in June bull in Ankara yeah. In early Tuesday and. Their pleasure the bike and correct. Well my boy you fashion today it was. It is more. Like march trying to I was expecting at the moment were like Casper. And we’ve probably been a boon to western shoreline. Or what to believe. Are hard ball touch will work in which. Released. Blind to these unknown pants and maybe even down chipped that by Thomas. Stay out of this west wing and take advantage of that water all into all cherish those wedges in channels watcher portable. So has found its. Because some beautiful Trout all week long. And made it changed from day today when you have a lot. And the next day you’d mostly keepers. Are such a change to change they aren’t sure that the move raised Trotter in the spawning ritual summer not. But that changes from day to day caught a lot of its traditional by Ellen in bridge. That’ll be good very cute too today with this when and where you can get out of falling tide as well without. So there’s still some options in this way an epic about 10 o’clock we should die down so completely like Procter and there’s the producer. That’s where majority should come on this week. And which bridge that is another. Tressel outraged I’m in a way. Tressel first thing in the morning and it seems to be good until I start the diet and all the ball restless. And it will make a lot of noise and I’ll sort it will probably just almost have to answer that. A Buick and I’d change to move attrition to expect our arms to you are too important. Meaning if you can’t. Or might we got a one point two average time range in underneath that railroad bridge in a release that water can be rock general problem he brought a whole bottom out with a north wind. There’s a little. In the Hudson in in in power arms at that form off of that release or fuel between there and pearl river and beyond that point to a Mississippi might be good spot to work. I fusion. See the current law. And just back away from that to chance in match all current and let it should we along the bottom into the water not quite this guy. And you shall probably in the current lines. Are always look at the shore line. For reference to where casting. And you watch you line and crossed with the current in acute acumen certainly. Can’t back in our area are used in the distance the shoreline and as a reference to where he can’t back. In this primary. Plus Michael sevenths on with you today what she group. Aren’t there. Out of Baton Rouge base out some sort of the thing that takes plaque on auto. Market doctor. Still. In response we got five years to storm out. And I got another. Look more years and we look forward to another day in tired. Yeah probably got some very nice mild conditions that we in this like me now call for. I know you heads in Tennessee fisherman earlier in the week is a stop by lodge that was passed through and you want back when I asked the first number one I came back you party on but the Tennessee vehicle was they’ll they. We had a hand from tennis. We give one situation caught it ought to barked back a bridge. Sort of I am wearing a black what we’ve enhanced offer. And then yesterday we ended up canceling and they had to concede. Earlier in the week it’s a trip out on the exterior. A lot to barge where you aren’t that far what god meant saw. From demolished and quote about changing your scenery. Guitar deficient bridges in March. Like the older world out there should note shall wait RO. And you know that they’re not as bothered as much is that fresh water coming out of the Mississippi River and swing around back that way to woods. You know Breton and all that area there you far enough away where you got some good salty water even if the conditions aren’t good. Yep trying to insult people we’ve talked jellyfish and the law and Matt jump in here. So you’re in March all awards that were costing too. Right here like Bart train in bowl. It’s a little bit of harm it’s enjoyable exactly traditions and just want change as we possibly duplicate. Good looks like we got a good Osama commonly Mike in thanks as always we appreciate and it’s a LE dot com on — web site to visit slot that you. They’re simple 985781. 71 more. All right a friend thank you for report was weak are your opinion. All right coming back right after this quick break away those reports that you like to see some minefield drops to Orleans jumpstart wing Unita wherever you need like Tripoli on water. And it’s all problems of nine books oh coming back yet this is time for our strong girl or the report. And and they are back with that next right here on the outdoors did you radio. You might wanna be spoken to the south today with a north wind that back let’s talk the great debate you are a few reporters reports that brought week by the backpack. Locations that element gypsum ways and bad news out. Lafayette and they also sponsored the old days which we got one coming up Brandon I. Ordered it. I was gonna congratulate. One winning first place in the guy a kayak. Last week. But and I realized it was Brent Barton that 11 and Brandon are finished third always great to be a brand. Yeah my good friend Brandon Uga he replica of the cola. Are you go pick in the creek and out there you could glut here and you didn’t recognize they’ve got many years and he ya gotta Berkeley and get our last week you know but bear cat per annum. A couple of days compared really big Trout Robert hope they’ll well a bigger picture and. They get then secret order. Lots and Brandon if they have ahead. Man kayak tournament now partners. An epidemic locals that Brandon Brandon wood’s idea at the team you guys yeah yeah do. All right so hope Elway knows good spot meant to ask some bad news pull people out they listened to a Lake Charles Heatley now these few minutes. Yeah the the salinity chart I don’t even that is registered right now. It’s going to be tough to beat it’s you know there are. You know you can eke out two bridges to Oregon refuge. I mean you are probably gonna have to go to the beach there would be true rocker beach. Some time that we have a strong incumbent ties you in extra element. Out in late rightward competent at co anchor Lou. That are real big call for kayaker you basically epilogue to this should be. You. Ferried them here pal that I don’t know how would recommend it. I’ll join us again they cattle tournament Arnold today I think the unity. PowerPoint and yet they have a big tournament they’re for the that vehicle it. At the mixed bag. Eight or ma’am what to read three Trout. They advocate to really be emirates which of there. I’m expected to really be countered to BUH you know there. Our Trout reports there I think there’s a lot of trial system over there but it. Bigger Trout are going to be further down now. Just depends how much oh win against that got in the panel to spot. A way to get some of the bigger bridge. I think particularly good but you gotta watch out for the shrimp boats that are going to be in there. With opening trip season he would stay away from where their trip they’re gonna Muddy Waters open. Yeah are always a consideration limits Francies and opens up up Brendan we had a text early in the program wanted to know about homers island gold medal well. The north wind report we got them to our problems hide what was forecast but I think it is gonna slow down any good information on the Sonoma I’ll along the beach the trial. Yes a lot of attention really not travel would be. Today might be a good day. I don’t know how how much went going to be pushes. From the beach. And a lot of guys. It’s had been positioned all along the public access point in grand it’s Trout along rocks Albert’s he can paddle and from bridge side now. I’m not too bad the panel all go to body. You know it’s it’s pretty safe pastor crawl right there but it you never know it that the kind of went stacked in each other rapid manner. But you know the north where it should be pretty cone. Over there and bill passed. I know a lot of guts because it’s really beat Trout. Talent out there. Launch and that will be created at about a two. The ranges from. You know a year you’re sixteen inches so only a year. Six ounces. You know parties in interest. Produce in that certainly top water is so popular way to target them. And then another date that now bring to the beach is that pilgrims do you know cast far. And I hit a lot of big trauma. And Brendan numb. Is there a double date on alternate. Yep there is intimidated in Lafayette at the sugar milk on. That’s gonna be starting a new. And they’re gonna basically keep an open until the last perch and want to demand usually round or start. I shut it down so anywhere from 224. Over there should have been on that left yeah. Always a good deal to a try and ride before you buy. Our next week you’ve got a tournament come and apple well in the mobile bay where kayak fishing is really popular. Yeah yeah now is the portrait going down in the Arctic. There. Act that. And they’re gone there are at an annual outlook term outlook the first term and they’re. Back in the day and that other dolphin island and it’s a land ormat tournament. Go anywhere now panel waters and they they really have so much crowd in the Alabama water keeps coming back. And you know that some pretty close panel and you know to go along way. Not now it. I mean and it’s not too far. You know living veteran. You know it added. You know let’s go over some of the drop tomorrow dauphin island but so. They I don’t mind and there’s a lot of good good serenity that it meant the X rays are a matter. Of. I was over the last weekend alone that there are some really seafood restaurants along with. It. Oh yeah our. Poultry. President I know people they’re going to be son about the gonna wanna finish that way in the fund registration DiMAGE what’s the website. At. Think that in BK if fade out or work. Because my partner. And via PayPal. And you can electronically sign a waiver and everything’s so. Go check that out in the case they don’t work out upcoming events on by a cook at BP cage at the board. All good. I’ll start any taken a break today but I think it is. An area. Regular law aunt bee to honey do the Internet at a weakened so a lot of ground. Here. Our rented big it was a unit here. Rented video. To new report rental Villa with its next week will be right back with more patient reports. And a story of a swap person who has now become one of my bed all this out to his crimes and as possible time coming up next on the outdoors with Don W unit. You. I checked it out some of our calendar items got another boating safety class slide built the First United Methodist Church early history it’s going to be taken place at 8 o’clock next Saturday mornings a few days boating classy your own purposes because. Required because your age. Contact William 95. 28536. We also of the fifteenth annual Jefferson fish that rodeo and may nineteen when he first full blown rodeo. All the categories spear fishing family each festival that takes place. Special kick off party thinks that it is. If you wanna get all the details on a forty dollar to the adults and fifteen bells it’s coated Shia. Huge fest dot it’s yet. Is this that I’m probably coming up in the 7 o’clock I’ll talk a lot more about that Michael Williams. Which finished. They are going to be part of that and then I’ll also be on the road but right now we ought Boston’s second world local stations and you are. And where they are outdoors with Don did you view. Well Friday a week ago. That history channel’s swap people Carrick a 42 year old Roger rivers junior. A noble Louisiana was booked into this being Paris detention center. Rivers was charged with eighteen wildlife and fishery counts and two drug charges that included. Six counts of Salant alligators snap that turtle recounts of selling reptiles amphibians without the collect his license. Recounts have taken alligators no license. Two counts of daily to attack an alligator. Two counts of selling fish caught recreational. Two counts of marijuana possession account of selling alligator meat illegally and one count of selling you enemies like. Pretty brisk business. And who knows maybe if he’s convicted of these charges and new Korea may be in store. Not all Smart people. But on cops. Of 42 year old. Roger rivers Q of noble we Zeum are bad boy on the out. Yes you do anything you can get publicity some people’s theory. I wanna remind you if you need another reason nickel position Osama. About the start tournament kicks off moral bit weak and may 27 runs all the way to them before. Giveaway a total at least offer to give away over a million dollars in prizes and scholarships it’s 100 in one days of fishing all over the state Louisiana. Just need to be a cultural conservation association member and then Turkey should start ticket to win. And if you tuned in last week we talked the red treasure and they had double the number Britt finished this woman around not that tanks that in the and you pick up truck so. Most people have interviewed after they won. They’d never thought they apple would you probability that but it’s like almost getting insurance. If you got to be patient and salt water Louisiana. I strongly suggest getting used Arctic. I will be right back after this and talk to our plastic man captain Ryan Lambert in Venice report. Thanks for detects that a common annoyance room at 87870. Will do that too before we wrap up here on the outdoors with Don that the radio network and we call in the plastic man because that is aversion to Sharon not in each of but to use them for it’s plastic I’m talking about captain rile evident cajun fishing adventures in bureaus Louisiana and run we had a little discussion this morning among listeners in the guy. Well Bob bolting courtesy what does that say this to stay away from mobile. Arm. Mean you know it but it depend on I’ll young and would you go. On the well and you know on the map. But you know what it apart. And post your okay which. Oh well as it chases it. With you that. Core with. It problem. You know can you would think that the look at mediated geared to girls. In you know in some cases it is disrespect that other cases ethnic dispute he does. It. Yeah category or at a Eddie structure a community Cole then people pull up right side but still Beckett should you’d UK. You know that that layer by on the stage and hopefully you you go in the world and met the biggest bank. Don’t go in with you pick in the big motor yacht he did go out a grip and owed it to troll. Coming in slow. And get within you know Leo kisses not quite yet another outcast and should be would become. Ride in the or vote would be boat around and you know you can actually get to. You know when you see it Gosling as an anchor overs income monopoly you look at that I met her yet. We you even worse I’ve cried. Be courteous to other people you know it’s everybody wants to get issued maybe you’d lack of birds at the end of this. Gold gold that you know up and up and encrypt and the entry you get to where it says. As quote from now you know what I do. Act coaching incurred when they start coming toward me I struggled toward them. I could McLemore got exploited right or and that way when they did the company does is still locked down have been well backed up bitch. Tech keeps them occupational I’ll heard a little bit as the keep your keeps them disparate. You know not shortly baloney look at government and you know and just not shall Utley to give myself some extra just soaks. But hopefully you know you know popular but that nest and the education that we get lucky today because we got enough west in this. This kind of let go less we it would it is besides still and do well yes but you know win the boys crushed finished they had a great date. Blowing like it looked so today even it that should be Betty what the thirteenth beat. We still kept it close at river because you have good lord you to go when all in the same way you know a bit below the same way. We give you a we clean water knows there’s you gravitate to. You know I’m mad in the bay. In everything goes into the clean water fish right behind it so they caught ballistic go Trout they got to read it was. With a great day well look like you vote. And no. Brian is it as many foul red fish and it mostly comes straight on Trout a catch in a trial person and don’t but risk. That the Kringle with the customers want like a bankrupted. Them in the drought in literate yes. So and a couple black drum machine had grown in little extra but. A lot of it ultimately cut guy they wanted. Read this Sochi at eighteen goals and it ought keep it. He did this awhile and then he went out caught in the middle reading element of the good point should in and it would limit but the quality team bulls and trot. They were so they were really happy it’s kind of like I don’t like that went. They’re about what will they get one. It nobody wants to bring them home and take a picture let them go and us Aaliyah I mean it’s as active great sport this year they will buy anything bad at the bike it’s going to be. Chad they outlawed Betty. Crank baited that matter you can catch a red fish on it in. You know would like to do this do you want site issue one Cutler bishop I don’t I don’t really. Think that people should. Used trouble looks alone bull reds because it is sort UT or the old sickly brown red beach union to be get it. So you’ve got six and I hooked up around and you that Hillary you can’t aggregate cook the Manning. Or. 8%. They did they just too strong you need you to control. The note how can anybody or survive which architect as strong this ensure get them here let’s get away now taking be watching. Whereas there’s a problem. Yeah on that serves anyway we got him on my husband they they got a Sony out of there and you could you brought Ryan house. Last week in a moment they got. They are important and delicate girl. Those two cup it’s a Ahmad analyst and lose late season that you could lose it Donald. Let’s start with the that you video right currently the most bit about bill fortieth so makes it squeal like that school. He was good. It is. Well in ran him back into law. I was in music videos that. He would. I mean mail we agree the all seen some optional. Duke Ku. To the right call on the web site well it’ll. Big decrease increase it to back in the year retreat. Making the call at 54559. 111 be aptly. Writes for intimacy next week are. Ryland recalling plastic may well be right back with that wrapped up with a shall come upon moral right after this time modeled outdoors on the radio. I taken a look at our text message board pretty active it’s more so it’s a done who’s responsible in French hands at the public launches. Man check out this monstrous distilling now but few miles south the dock landing square anyway thanks that keeps him keep locked in India I was so it’s. The O Waste Management Timo of that trash collection. Agencies or companies is that as a contract was Saint John now whether it’s a breakdown on the company’s part. Paris is part and force them I’ll start to notify them. It’s. It’s great to have it scans it and that youthful and people keep on in there and is another text reports of crippled yet Null and I have been checked and not so far. We’ve been cool water temperature in a lot of fresh water movement from west to east bottom suspecting them change. In the next few weeks here’s one that says I’ve read about the ban in the program trap round traps the musicals restoration. Seasonal traps collects and it’s they’ll ask from them which. Well the danger about use in an abandoned crab trap. For coastal restoration would be if there’s any way that crabs and fish. Birds and mammals in it in. But it’s those the reason why they remove those. Apps that come cycle. Once species its in house. From fish goes in the program and now you guys grad school in the eat the fish or go in some arms otters marine mammals. Have been found them in ages keep on killing. They were closed off completely. They collects and it’s on our wrestled. I don’t think that is they start to deteriorate it’s going to be opening. Really would be much more trouble with but. I want remind you also you’ve only got ten days left to vote for the best we awards nominees. The voting will end. On the twenty war league that is in the you can be eligible number of giveaways one going on right now we’ve been patient with two. Also stated that beautiful Cyprus then. Wanna cast you vote check it all about who’s been nominated. Best of L two wars dot com. The third year in the last year and he doubled to 7000 votes in thinking make double platinum issues. Well participated in and bring some recognition. The businesses the products and services. In people that. Aren’t. Winsome. I wanna remind you coming up June 2 it or not. The whole album fishing rodeo. Scheduled Friday June 2 in Saturday that are. It’s Shelby shell on Friday as Leo weigh in there on Friday evening and then it moves over to campus an avenue Metairie on Saturday. I’ve been serving as witnessed that the years maybe you know I’ll be back again look forward to it. On the cheerleaders will be out there and do it they sprain but he did it live music it brings me. Alive he spews way. It’s great little that’s on avenue Metairie Broadway wins the may want with that meeting. And now be that each speak it won’t come out and rodeo it’s up the old fishing poles or lines. Be viewed at the time. 7 o’clock on me. At the Wednesday the issue. Oh. Idol programming notes on next week are we gonna be on location have outdoor rhino Linda coaches and everybody loved Linda she was withers a few weeks ago. She’s coming back in fact she’s got him pretty busy summer she’s going to be some broadcast that some the other rodeos. Also live from law cajun invasion in Alaska. So you might want to admit that serious its dock side a reunion vocal lose weight and those of you blow from the boggled scenario no it used to be lot in science automobile and truck deal you. And Chad at Cox the new law is them converted. It is moving his ski uterine in a boat deal to ship which is already established a dockside marine. He’s moving it over to this new location he’s also putting innate hunting and fishing department. Ott took the tour he’s got a great service department over there we gonna have wraps. Jim Henderson is saints radio announcer for the saints radio networks going to be there along with chef salad the stop they going to be judging me. While game cook off the fact check out our website on the out those guys that can’t. If a single hole stopped alligator roasted. There might be one of those they act camp promised that might be. We also got a real nice picture of lending you can not check when the outcome cius and give us a call and text as well were on the air but come about it too because you know a lot of prizes the registered point giveaway out there we have a lot of fun. And it all gets started at 5 AM next Saturday morning. That you’re gonna be tuned in for more outdoors coming up just a couple of minutes. Go to my web page you can click on listen to your desktop computer or your iPhone iPad or you’d. Are you Smartphone. Or if you have an HD radio it’s 105 point three FM HD two in the neutral wall and area. Hunt fish talk wind either by you woman’s gonna join me in the lush you wouldn’t talk about some issues. About coastal erosion and also about possession limits with fish. And probably bring up this topic that popped up this morning about safe distance and respectful distance and courtesy. On the water between votes while we also gonna talk to Chad have got to give us more details about the grand opening at dockside marine next week. And our whole lot more other stuff too including wished to fish going to be at the Jefferson fish so we’re still a lot of talk about. All you mothers out there I hope his sons and daughters take efficient spent some time with you have a happy Mother’s Day we’ll see you next week.

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5-13-17 5-7am The Outdoor Show with Don Dubuc.mp3 – WWL First News

May 10th, 2017

15 Marvel Villains CRAZIER Than The Joker – CBR (blog)

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Even though the Joker is pretty much thought of as the epitome of insanity, hes arguably not the craziest villain in town. His many infamous acts include things like crippling Barbara Gordon, killing Jason Todd, and having his own face cut off. Thats not even the worst of the stuff that he has done either. So where could you find villains worse than that?

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We can find the answer to that question just using the characters of Marvel, actually. Within DC there might be a few obvious candidates that could outdo the Joker, likes maybe Darkseid just to mention one of the major names, but Marvel is less known for its psychopaths. Dont worry, though, weve searched around and found some worthy candidates from the rival brand to prove DC has some competition even for their most iconic villain. The locks are coming off the padded cells, because these are 15 Marvel Villains Crazier Than The Joker.

Its a pretty common idea to hear tossed around that some insane people are really just so intelligent that they view the world in terms that appear insane to regular people. People say this about the Joker a lot, but it kind of gets negated by the fact that the Joker never really helps anyone. Someone like Doctor Doom, on the other hand, is unquestionably a villain, but hes not some rabid animal either. He talks about wanting to rule the world, and from the small pieces weve seen of his control, it might not be all bad.

Doom rules over the country of Latveria and keeps its denizens under his oppression, but its not as if he makes them live in constant agony either. Doom takes cares of subjects who are loyal to him, keeping them fed, clothed, and sheltered. Thats a lot more care than most villains show for their subjects. So, is Doom actually so smart in regards to whats best for the world that people just cant comprehend the brilliance of his plans or is he just nuttier than squirrel poop? You decide!

People might initially just think of Mister Sinister for his connection to Apocalypse, but Sinister is worse in some ways. At least with Apocalypse he was pretty much groomed for godhood his entire life, so you cant really blame him for wanting to be viewed as a god. Sinisters path towards depravity was much more deliberate and voluntary on his part. Before he gained his iconic appearance he was a brilliant scientist, but believed that society accepting its own mutation was the correct path forward.

While he was still a human and trying to balance his work with starting a family, Sinisters first child died. Totally undeterred, Sinister dug up his kids body and began experimenting on it to continue his work. It led to Sinisters own wife rejecting him with her dying words, labeling him something totally sinister and giving him the name he would dub himself as going forward. He fully accepted his monstrous side, willingly sacrificing everything and embracing his own mutation.

The Joker is pretty unpredictable in his schemes, but being unpredictable alone doesnt always make for the craziest villains. Red Skull is more blatant in his evil, but also arguably even crazier. The Red Skulls parents died when he was young, but he didnt turn into the stereotypical charming orphan asking for an extra bowl of food. Instead, his lack of supervision turned him down a dark path where he was left looking for a role model. And it just so happened the person he settled on for that role was Adolf Hitler.

Even the Joker has never been crazy enough to look up to the Nazis, but Red Skull took things even further by aiming to surpass the work of historys most vile group of people. Eventually even Hitler found the Red Skull unstable, whichshould tell you all you need to know, really. What makes it worse is that the Red Skulls terrorist group has also proven to be one of the comic worlds most enduring threats.

Mojos physical body is too weak to create the chaos he desires to see in the world, but that doesnt stop him from stirring up trouble. The Joker is a hands-on kind of guy, but Mojo figures if he cant do it himself, he can at least enjoy the mayhem caused by others. So like a demented TV producer, Mojo is looking for the most interesting characters to broadcast throughout his Mojoverse for the carnage they cause.

Basically Mojo would fit right in with the people who run The Hunger Games. He believes people enjoy seeing violence and that it can be marketed as entertainment. And while there is certainly an argument for that, not many comic book characters base their careers on creating such a world. But Mojo really has created his own, literally, in Mojo World, and hes always looking for the latest train wreck to be a ratings sensation for his viewers.

Venom may have originated as just an antithesis to Spider-Man, but he has grown into far more than just an evil web slinger. Even in just the early days Venom was already pretty crazy since he had the whole split personality thing going on. Eddie Brock having to fight for control against the personality of the symbiote is something that always has him in two minds. Eddie reconciles this by referring to himself in the plural, seemingly accepting his duality.

Its hard not to think of the symbiote as being the dominant personality, though. As Venom, Eddie has not only hurt people but outright murdered folks, and even committed several acts of cannibalism. Plus, his symbiote suit has spawned children and put Venom at the head of an incredibly twisted and unhealthy family.

It caused quite a stir in the comic book world years back when the Joker had the Dollmaker remove his iconically-smilingface, and the clown subsequently returned wearing his own face as a mask in Death of the Family. In the eyes of a lot of fans, this act took the Joker`s insanity to a whole new level. How insane did somebody have to be to willingly have their own face cut off? Well, if thats the measuring stick for crazy, thenthe Skinless Man has the Joker beat to hell.

As his name implies, the Skinless Man is a mutant with all of his skin removed. Admittedly, he didnt ask for this to happen, but he hasnt let the change get him down too much either. In fact, it brought out a whole new sadistic side in him since he got revenge by removing body parts from other people, including his rivals face. Even more disconcerting is that the Skinless Man has trained his muscles to be able to stretch and become like extra appendages to him. The Joker just removed his own face for the shock factor, but the Skinless Man actually flourished from losing his flesh.

Madcap is like a mixture of the powers of several different characters, and it makes for a pretty unnerving villain. Just like the Jokers origin story is sometimes that he was transformed after being exposed to chemicals, Madcap was also changed in a chemical accident that simultaneously killed his family. The deaths of his loved ones drove him mad and made him suicidal, but the chemicals gave him healing abilities somewhat like Wolverines.

As if a regenerating psychopath isnt bad enough, Madcap also has the power to make those around him go mad as well. It also doesnt help thatMadcap is so far beyond reason that he cannot feel guilt for the violence he inflicts. Ghost Rider once used the Penance Stare on Madcap to make the villain feel the pain of all his victims. Madcap just enjoyed it, though, and wanted to feel it again. How do you top that?

You can say one thing about the Joker, at least when he found his new persona he remained loyal to it. There is still no certainty as to who the Joker actually was before his skin got bleached and his mind was taken from him in an accident. Norman Osborn, on the other hand,chose to embrace hismonstrous persona when he becamethe Green Goblin, using it to terrorize New York. The even scarier thing is that he can just completely turn it off to be plain old Norman Osborn when it suits him.

Mentally unhinged villains have a way of becoming enduring, so it is no surprise that the Green Goblin has become Spider-Mans arch-nemesis. Norman is responsible not only for the infamous death of Gwen Stacy, but also for basically making insanity a hereditary trait after his son Harry took up the role of the Green Goblin too. The Joker is scary, but at least his insanity is plain for everyone to see. Norman might be worse since he can blend in with every day people, while at the same time, have powers wellbeyond the ken of mortal men.

The Joker has risen above his status as a normal man several times thanks to gaining new powers, but never to the extent that Jean Grey has. If you want to talk about someone going crazy, its hard to top a characters mind being taken over by a cosmic force that makes them extremely powerful and extremely willing to harm galaxies fullofpeople. Even Jeans fellow X-Men were not safe from her wrath when she assumed the form of the Dark Phoenix.

The Dark Phoenixs powers were so strong she could use just her mind to drive someone who challenged her insane. Other races throughout the galaxy recognized the threat that the Dark Phoenix posed and joined together to try and neutralize her. The resistance against Jean in this new form was so convinced of the danger that she posed that they were willing to destroy the solar system if need be to stop her. But when the Dark Phoenix had proven that she had the power to cause a supernova and wipe out all life on a planet in the process, its hard to critique such a response from the universes denizens.

Heath Ledgers Joker famously said in The Dark Knight that if youre good at something, never do it for free. And fittingly enough, he was talking about the act of killing in that quote. So that iteration of the Joker seems like he would certainly be able to appreciate someone like Bullseye, a Marvel villain who loves straight up murdering people, so he made a profession of it. But even the Joker was not quite as ambitious as Bullseye has become over time.

Bullseye is great at killing folksand he knows it. But hes also not stupid enough to do it for free since even supervillains have bills to pay. So, instead, he became an assassin for hire. And hes definitely worth the money. As his name suggests, when Bullseye picks a target, he doesnt often miss. It has turned him into one of Daredevils deadliest and most enduring villains.

The Joker loves his pranks and could only dream of having the amount of influence over the world that Loki does. Lokis mischief is not confined to just one city, and he arguably loves creating havoc even more than the Joker does. Admittedly, the Joker has shown the kinds of havoc he would create if he was an emperor in the world, but Loki has access to that kind of power nonstop.

Loki can hypnotize others to work for his cause, he can transform his body to disguise himself or fool people, and he has magic abilitiesthat can rival some of Marvels physically mightiest heroes. The Joker is often called the Clown Prince of crime due to his mischievous nature. Loki is the trickster god, though, and its hard to outrank a god. Anyone can be a mortal man like the Joker who is devoted to causing anarchy, but gods never go away, so Lokis maddening plans will never be gone from the world.

Arcade seems like the Marvel equivalent of what would happen if the Joker retained all of his insanity, but also had the wealth of Bruce Wayne. Were used to hearing about altruistic billionaires who go on to become heroes like Wayne or Tony Stark, but sometimes money really does just corrupt. Thats definitely the case for Arcade who simply enjoys killing people, and chooses to use his fortune to manufacture increasingly elaborate ways to torture his victims.

Arcade fittingly calls his little worlds of traps Murderland, and he basically operates it like Jigsaw from the Saw films used his traps. They would be cruel and sometimes seemingly impossible to get out of, but Arcade enjoys leaving an escape for his victims. Apparently watching his victims retain enough hope to try and get free amuses Arcade.The Joker does love an overly-complex plan, and has used fun houses in his traps, but Arcade dedicates himself to the cause just that much more.

The Purple Man, or Kilgrave as he became known courtesy of Netflixs Jessica Jones TV series, is the kind of villain who can put the Joker to shame. Everyone remembers the Joker for mentally breaking Harley Quinn and turning her into one of his most devoted followers. But the Purple Man is known for being able to mentally dominate anyone thanks to pheromones that givehim the ability to control people. Thats the kind of power the Joker could only wish for.

We have seen what kind of depraved behavior the Purple Man has utilized his power for, even enslaving Jessica Jones for a huge amount of time with no other heroes being the wiser. And in the TV series he turned two former lovers against each other and driving them to try and kill one another. The Purple Man is scary because he doesnt take control by corrupting people. He forces their bodies to act outside of their own volition, leaving their minds trapped to witness the horrible things they are doing.

Even if you couldnt predict many of the names we would pick for this list, most of you no doubt saw Carnage coming. How could he not be included in a topic like this? Hes just as insane (if not more so) as the Joker, except his symbiote suit gives him built-in methods to be as brutal as possible about it. The Joker usually doesnt stand a chance with his bare hands and instead needs his toys to cause destruction. Carnage can just turn his own two hands into weapons at a whim.

Carnages ties to Venom give him an especially demented origin since, in a way, Eddie Brock is like Cletus dad. Carnage even created his own version of the Manson family in the Maximum Carnage storyline, leading to the group going on a killing spree in New York while simultaneously driving the rest of the city insane. Even the Joker has a tough time competing with that.

Thanos might not initially seem like someone who is more insane than the Joker, but the Mad Titanundoubtedly has a lot more power than the Joker will ever have. Thanos is practically a god, so when he snaps, he has the potential to do tons of damage to everything around him, especially if he has the Infinity Gauntlet in his grip. The Joker is able to rampage through Gotham, but on a global scale he is seldom ever dangerous enough to cause a threat to the entire Earth.

Thanos on the other hand? The guy was in love with lady Death, so to try and impress her, Thanos literally destroyed half of the lives in the known universe. He figured what better way to get Deaths notice than to kill on an unprecedented level. Not only is that a screwed up view of romance to begin with, but the fact that Thanos is powerful enough to go through with it definitely makes his craziness scarier than the Jokers.

Is there anyone else from Marvel that you think can out-crazy the Joker? Tell us what Marvel villains you think have outdone DCs clown.

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May 4th, 2017

The 15 Most BRUTAL Deaths In DC Comics – CBR – CBR (blog)

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Death in comics. We all know its pretty much a temporary problem for heroes and villains alike, but when it happens, its usually not a peaceful affair. Weve said it before and well say it again: when you live by the cape, you die by the cape. While many heroes and villains have succumbed to violent deaths over the years, there have definitely been some that were a little over the top.

RELATED:The 15 Most Heartbreaking Supporting Character Deaths In Marvel History

When we started, we were going to do a list of the most violent deaths in comics, but there have been so many great examples over the years, we decided to knock out this as a DC-specific list with more coming aboutsome of the larger publishing houses. Of course, many of these folks didnt remain dead as is normal for comics, but that doesnt mean they went out quietly. Here are the 15 most violent, horrific, gruesome and brutal deaths in DC Comics.

We are kicking off this list with what is probably the most well-known instance of death in comics: The Death of Superman. This particular battle that finally ended the life of both Doomsday and the Man of Steel (yes, we know they both came back) was disturbingly violent and excessively horrific. Superman has almost always been in a position where he had to maintain control of his powers. He is so powerful, he could probably sneeze the skin off of anyone in front of him so he tends to hold back in a fight. When it came to the unstoppable force that was Doomsday, he put his all into it and the battle nearly destroyed Metropolis.

The above panel depicts both combatants broken, bloodied and dead under a crying Lois Lane with a torn and tattered cape flying like a flag at half-mast upon a piece of rebar.The final fight took place in Superman #75, written by Dan Jurgens with pencils by Brett Breeding. It many ways, the storyline was just a gimmick, but it set the bar for superhero deaths as being major events for years following its publication in 1993. As we all know, Superman has since returned, but the event allowed for the introduction of a few interlopers and some interesting characters who have remained in the DC Universe ever since.

Admittedly, this death falls more on the side of humorous than it does horrific, but we couldnt leave it off. Chp was a member of the Green Lantern Corps of Sector 1014 who belonged to an alien species that looked much like cartoon characters of Earth animals. As you can plainly see, Chp looked like an adorable little squirrel. Whats the best way to take out a squirrel? Run them over with a truck, of course! Granted, when the squirrel in question is as powerful as our little friend here, the writers had to come up with a little tweak to make it all work: they made the truck yellow.

Chp met his untimely demise in a story called Nuts in Green Lantern: Mosaic #2, written by Gerard Jones and penciled by Cully Hamner, who also did the cover art showing Chp facing the oncoming headlights of the aforementioned truck with the sub-caption Roadkill perfectly emblazoned on the bottom. When it comes to taking out Chp, DC could have done just about anything. They could have hurled him into a black hole, but instead, they ran him over with a yellow truck. Splat!

Agent 355 was one of the principal characters in the series Y: The Last Man, about a plague that killed off all of the male mammals on the planet. Well, all but two, apparently. Spared from the plague were Yorick Brown and his pet monkey, Ampersand, who 355 accompanies as abodyguard throughout the series. The plague may have been inadvertently started by 355 following a mission she went on in Jordan. It all had to do with a magic amulet she removed from the country. As soon as she crossed into Saudi Arabian airspace with the amulet, the plague struck. She was a member of the mysterious and secretive Culper Spy Ring.

355s death was both violent and shocking. She was standing in front of a window where she wasnt able to see the small, red dot sitting right between her eyes. A snipers bullet blasts through her skull and the masterfully skilled and deadly spy is taken out. The death was shocking to readers as well as Yorick, who criesover the body in the picture above. 355 was killed in issue 58, written by Brian K. Vaughan and penciled by Pia Guerra.

The Corinthian was a nightmare created by Dream of the Endless to be the dark mirror of humanity. In the first issue of Sandman, we find that Dream has been captured by humans and maintained in a magical prison for most of the 20th century. When he finally escaped and returns to the land of Dreaming, he finds that many of his dreams and nightmares have left in his absence. The Corinthian is one such nightmare who had gone to the mortal world where he became a serial killer. It isnt just that the Corinthian was off killing people that puts his misadventures on this list, its that he had a particular affinity for eyes.

The Corinthians antics as a serial killer made him one of the most notorious in the world. He attended a convention of Collectors; like minded individuals who have a proclivity towards ending the lives of others. The Corinthians signature move was to remove the eyes of his victims and consume them within his own eye sockets. His killing spree ended when Dream confronted his creation and unmade him, but he would later return the Corinthian to life as a newly-born nightmare.

In what has to be one of the most insensitive and disturbing calamities to befall a superhero, the fans actually voted to see Jason Todd die when DC put out a poll asking what his fate should be. The margin of votes to see him die was only 72 people more in favor of his death (5,343 for, 5,271 against) making it fairly close, but not close enough. Todds demise was told in Batman #427 in a story called A Death in the Family, written by Jim Starlin with pencils by Jim Aparo.

Jason was tricked by his own mother into a trap by the Joker who literally beats him to death with a crowbar. Its incredibly violent and much of the carnage happens just off-panel, as you can see only the deranged look on the murderers face as he continuously beats the boy nearly to death. In many ways, this death was a turning point in the life of Batman. It would be used in later series as well as the DCEU to portray the point where the Dark Knight hits a wall and, as displayed in Batman vs. Superman: Dawn of Justice, he doesnt hold back anymore.

Dr. Manhattan has been touted on this site numerous times as being one of the most powerful characters in all of comics, so it shouldnt come as a surprise that he was able to completely disintegrate Rorschach in the final pages of Watchmen #12, written by Alan Moore and penciled by Dave Gibbons. Rorschach was an incredibly violent superhero somewhat akin to the Punisher and Batman if guns werent involved and insanity was thrown into the mix. He was one of the main characters in the Watchmen miniseries who learns of Adrian Veidt, aka,Ozymandias lethal plot to fake an alien invasion of New York City.

After Veidt is confronted by his fellow superheroes, he convinces them that his plot is necessary and must be allowed to continue. The only person who refuses to accept this is Rorschach, who leaves, intent on revealing the plot to the world. He is confronted by Dr. Manhattan who has, like his compatriots, agreed to allow the plan to continue. When Rorschach refuses to back down knowing he must die, he rips off his mask and demands that he do what he must. With onewave of ahis hand, Dr. Manhattan turns Rorschach into a bloody pile of matter.

Bart Allen was not a speedster for very long before he met his ultimate demise at the hand well the feet of some of the Flashs greatest villains. Bart was born with the speed of his grandfather, Barry Allen, but was afflicted with a metabolism that aged him too quickly. He was placed into a virtual reality to help him grow and deal with his powers. When this failed to work, he was transported to the past to meet up with Wally West and Max Mercury, who helped him get his metabolism back on track.

Barts time as the Flash was brief. In a fight with the Rogues, he becomes powerless after his contact with the speed force is drained and he is left to the mercy of some pretty nasty villains. Captain Cold, Heatwave, Weather Wizard and Inertia all gather round and stomp him to death. There isnt much carnage depicted on the panel above, but its clear that the person at the center of the circle is not having a good day. The death of Bart Allen has left a lasting impact on the Flash and it was one of the most brutal deaths depicted in the series.

When it comes to violence in comics, you dont have to look much further than most of the recent work done by Mark Millar. Hes the fellow who called a little girl Hit Girl and had her brutally murder dozens of people in his hit series Kick-Ass. Millars work on the DC/Wildstorm imprint The Authority spared no bloodshed when he pitted Midnighter against the Commander. Midnighter and Apollo are lovers, so when the Commander kidnaps and sexually assaults Apollo, Midnighter doesnt take too kindly to it.

After Apollo is able to wound his captor, Midnighter comes in to finish the job. With a jackhammer. Yup, he literallysodomizes the Commander to death with the tool for what he did to his boyfriend and you cant really blame him. The more disturbing imagery has to happen in the readers imagination since it happens off-panel, but the implications of the death are gruesome. Millars use of extreme violence was used quite well, in this instance earning it a place on this list.

Superman is DCs golden boy who could do no wrong. That is, until they came along with the Injustice series that saw the Man of Steel finally snap and take over the world with an iron fist.The focus of the story is that following the death of Lois Lane, Superman decides that he must take over the planet to ensure peace. He turns on his former allies and Batman begins an underground resistance against the Man of Steel (who reveals his secret identity on Facebook).

When a battle erupts between the Green Lantern Corps and the Sinestro Corps, Black Canary approaches Superman and shoots him with a Kryptonite bullet. That should have done the trick, but while he lays on the ground working to remove the bullet with some yellow pliers he created thanks to his Yellow Power Ring, he looks up at his former ally and blasts through her abdomen with his heat vision. The lesson she learned here if only for a short time was to never taunt Superman about the death of Lois Lane, even if you shoot him with his only weakness. That just makes him angry and, like the Hulk, you wouldnt like him when he is angry.

After 50 years of complex continuity, DC decided itwould have an event called Crisis on Infinite Earths to settle itsmultiverse problems once and for all (not so much). Crisis on infinite Earths #7, written by Marv Wolfman and penciled by George Prez, is one of the most iconic comic covers of all time. It shows Superman holding the body of his cousin, Kara Zor-El, otherwise known as Supergirl with just about every hero from the DC universe standing behind them. At the time, it was the most high-profile death in comics since people who never even read a comic at least knew who Supergirl was.

Supergirl was engaged in battle with the Anti-Monitor and she was being bombarded with a lethal amount of deadly energy the whole time. She was willing to sacrifice herself to save everyone else, but in a final attempt to escape with Superman and Doctor Light, the Anti-Monitor strikes a killing blow, taking out the Girl of Steel. She dies in her cousins arms while expressing no regret, happy to learn that the Anti-Monitors machines have been stopped.

Within one issue depicting the death of Supergirl, DC decided they needed to wipe out another iconic hero: the Flash. While resting comfortably in the good ol 30th century, Allen is taken by the Anti-Monitor and returned to the present (1985 at the time). He does this because the Flashs ability to travel between universes at will is seen as a threat. Barry is able to escape from the Anti-Monitor, but when he deploys an anti-matter cannon to destroy the Earth, Barry steps in and does what he does best he runs.

Barry creates a speed vortex to draw in the power of the anti-matter cannon. The power becomes so great and his speed so fast, he withers into a skeleton and dies. He literally runs so fast, he turns himself into dust. It was theorized that he became one with the Speed Force and traveled back in time to become the very bolt of lightning that gave him his powers in the first place. Other theories suggest that his soul resides within the Speed Force. Since the Crisis storyline, Barry Allen has returned to the world of DC comics as nobody stays dead for long.

Ted Kord was only one of many people who became the DC hero, Blue Beetle. His run as the superhero was ended somewhat abruptly with a bullet to the head in a move that we rarely see in comics: the villain points a gun at the heros head and pulls the trigger. No elaborate plots for Mr. Bond to get out of here, just a slug to the skull. The death occurred in DCs Infinite Crisis where Kord discovers that Maxwell Lord is at the center of a plot to place all the worlds meta-humans under human supervision and control.

When Kord confronts Lord about the project, Lord asks Kord to join him. Ever the hero, Kord refuses, which earns the reply, Rot in Hell just before Lord raises his gun and blows Kords brains out. As you can see from the panel, its a rather gory and violent death. The sudden nature of the gunshot and the clear destruction of the mans skull with blood splatter silhouetted against the flash of the gunshot make for a particularly gruesome demise.

When youre a homicidal maniac with an affinity for smiles, its no wonder DC would give you a comic of your own. Joker #1, written by Brian Azzarello and penciled by Lee Bermejo, came out in 2008 and was a pretty sadistic tale, even for the Joker. For some reason, the Joker is given his walking papers and is released from Arkham Asylum (they really need to do something about the security in that place). He quickly enlists Killer Croc and his gang into his own so that he can set about and rebuild his empire.

The gang head on over to a strip club where Harley Quinn is currently dancing. She decides to give the Joker, Croc, Johnny Frost and a former goon named Monty a private show. The gang heads on to a back room to discuss what has happened in the Jokers absence so we dont get to see the gore, but we do get to see what happens next. Monty stumbles out of the back and onto the stage only he isnt wearing anything. Thats not to say he isnt wearing any clothes it is a strip club after all. No, hes been skinned alive.

DC is never far froma new Crisis, so when itlaunched the Infinite Crisis that saw Superboy-Prime run amok, somebody had to die. Superboy-Prime hails from an alternate Earth called Earth-Prime (the real world). He was just a regular guy named Clark Kent who turned out to be the real Kal-El teleported from Krypton shortly before it was destroyed. He left his reality and after various realities unfolded, he came through to Earth-1 and became jealous of Connor Kent, the current Superboy. Prime confronts Connor and they fight, but Connor was able to summon help.

The Teen Titans, the JSA and the Doom Patrol come to Connors aid. What they find is a whiny, horrifyingly powerful Superboy going on a rampage. Without even noticing what was going on, he puts his fist back towards the voice of Pantha who just called him stupid. He doesnt like being called stupid. Her head and his fist connect like a watermelon getting crushed by a sledgehammer. As her head flies off, he says he didnt mean it, but the damage was alreadydone.

We mentioned before that Superman went through a bit of a trial in the Injustice series, where he sees Metropolis destroyed and his beloved Lois killed. The whole thing came about when the Joker became bored of torturing Batman so he went off to Metropolis to see what kind of trouble he could get into. After gassing the Man of Steel and tricking him into fighting Doomsday who was actually Lois, Superman hits something of a turning point. Fast-forward to Superman realizing that he needs to take over the world to ensure peace and destroy anyone who gets in his way.

While Batman is interrogating the Joker, Superman strolls in without saying a word, walks straight up to the Crown Prince of Crime and shoves his hand right through his chest. The look on Batmans face is pretty telling in the picture above he clearly did not expect that to happen. The death is so brutal and sudden, we just had to give it the top spot on this list.

Did we miss any of your most memorableDC deaths? Sound off in the comments and let us know whose brutalbeating you think should be included!

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April 28th, 2017

15 astounding facts about trees – Mother Nature Network (blog)

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It’s hard to overstate the importance of trees. Their debut more than 300 million years ago was a turning point for Earth, helping transform its surface into a bustling utopia for land animals. Trees have fed, housed and otherwise nurtured countless creatures over time including our own arboreal ancestors.

Modern humans rarely live in trees, but that doesn’t mean we can live without them. About 3 trillion trees currently exist, enriching habitats from old-growth forests to city streets. Yet despite our deep-rooted reliance on trees, we tend to take them for granted. People clear millions of forested acres every year, often for short-term rewards despite long-term risks like desertification, wildlife declines and climate change. Science is helping us learn to use trees’ resources more sustainably, and to protect vulnerable forests more effectively, but we still have a long way to go.

Earth now has 46 percent fewer trees than it did 12,000 years ago, when agriculture was in its infancy. Yet despite all the deforestation since then, humans still can’t shake an instinctive fondness for trees. Their mere presence has been shown to make us calmer, happier and more creative, and often boosts our appraisal of property value. Trees hold deep symbolism in many religions, and cultures around the planet have long appreciated what a walk in the woods can do.

In honor of U.S. National Arbor Day April 28 this year we’re highlighting the wonder of trees with a few lesser-known facts about these gentle giants:

Brazil’s many native trees include jabuticaba, whose fruits grow directly on its trunk. (Photo: Adriano Makoto Suzuki/Flickr)

Until recently, there was no thorough global census of tree species. But in April 2017, the results of a “huge scientific effort” were published in the Journal of Sustainable Forestry, along with a searchable online archive called GlobalTreeSearch.

The scientists behind this effort compiled data from museums, botanical gardens, agricultural centers and other sources, and concluded there are 60,065 tree species currently known to science. These range from from Abarema abbottii, a vulnerable limestone-bound tree found only in the Dominican Republic, to Zygophyllum kaschgaricum, a rare and poorly understood tree native to China and Kyrgyzstan.

Next up for this area of research is the Global Tree Assessment, which aims to assess the conservation status of all of the world’s tree species by 2020.

The dragon’s blood tree is a vulnerable species endemic to Yemen’s Socotra archipelago. (Photo: sunsinger/Shutterstock)

Aside from quantifying the biodiversity of trees, the 2017 census also highlights the need for details about where and how those 60,065 different species live. Nearly 58 percent of all tree species are single-country endemics, the study found, meaning each one naturally occurs only within the borders of a single nation.

Brazil, Colombia and Indonesia have the highest totals for endemic tree species, which makes sense given the overall biodiversity found in their native forests. “The countries with the most country-endemic tree species reflect broader plant diversity trends (Brazil, Australia, China) or islands where isolation has resulted in speciation (Madagascar, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia),” the study’s authors write.

Earth is 4.5 billion years old, and plants may have colonized land as recently as 470 million years ago, most likely mosses and liverworts without deep roots. Vascular plants followed about 420 million years ago, but even for tens of millions of years after that, no plants grew more than about 3 feet (1 meter) off the ground.

A rendering of Prototaxites as it may have looked 400 million years ago. (Image: Mary Parrish/NMNH/University of Chicago)

From about 420 million to 370 million years ago, a mysterious genus of creatures named Prototaxites grew large trunks up to 3 feet (1 meter) wide and 26 feet (8 meters) in height. Scientists have long debated whether these were some kind of weird ancient trees, but a 2007 study concluded they were fungi, not plants.

“A 6-meter fungus would be odd enough in the modern world, but at least we are used to trees quite a bit bigger,” study author and paleobotanist C. Kevin Boyce told New Scientist in 2007. “Plants at that time were a few feet tall, invertebrate animals were small, and there were no terrestrial vertebrates. This fossil would have been all the more striking in such a diminutive landscape.”

Several kinds of plants have evolved a tree form, or “arborescence,” in the past 300 million years or so. It’s a tricky step in plant evolution, requiring innovations like sturdy trunks to stay upright and strong vascular systems to pump up water and nutrients from the soil. The extra sunlight is worth it, though, prompting trees to evolve multiple times in history, a phenomenon called convergent evolution.

The earliest known tree is Wattieza, identified from 385 million-year-old fossils found in what’s now New York. Part of a prehistoric plant family thought to be ancestors of ferns, it stood 26 feet (8 meters) tall and formed the first known forests. It may have lacked leaves, instead growing frond-like branches with “branchlets” resembling a bottlebrush (see illustration). It wasn’t closely related to tree ferns, but did share their method of reproducing by spores, not seeds.

Wollemia nobilis still exists in a few rainforest hideouts, but it’s critically endangered. (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

During the Jurassic Period, a genus of cone-bearing evergreen trees now named Wollemia lived on the supercontinent Gondwana. These ancient trees were long known only from the fossil record, and were thought to have been extinct for 150 million years until 1994, when a few survivors of one species were found living in a temperate rainforest at Australia’s Wollemia National Park.

That species, Wollemia nobilis, is often described as a living fossil. Only about 80 mature trees are left, plus some 300 seedlings and juveniles, and the species is listed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

While Wollemia nobilis is the last of its genus, there are also still other middle Mesozoic trees alive today. Ginkgo biloba, aka the ginkgo tree, dates back about 200 million years and has been called “the most ancient living tree.”

Songbirds provide valuable pest control for many trees. (Photo: Sander Meertins Photography/Shutterstock)

Trees may look passive and helpless, but they’re savvier than they seem. Not only can they produce chemicals to combat leaf-eating insects, for instance, but some also send airborne chemical signals to each other, apparently warning nearby trees to prepare for an insect attack. Research has shown that a wide range of trees and other plants become more resistant to insects after receiving these signals.

Trees’ airborne signals can even convey information outside the plant kingdom. Some have been shown to attract predators and parasites that kill the insects, essentially letting an embattled tree call for backup. Research has mainly focused on chemicals that attract other arthropods, but as a 2013 study found, apple trees under attack by caterpillars release chemicals that attract caterpillar-eating birds.

Redwood trees rise toward the night sky at Lake Tahoe, California. (Photo: Asif Islam/Shutterstock)

Like most plants, trees have symbiotic relationships with mycorrhizal fungi that live on their roots. The fungi help trees absorb more water and nutrients from the soil, and trees repay the favor by sharing sugars from photosynthesis. But as a growing field of research shows, this mycorrhizal network also works on a much larger scale sort of like an underground internet that connects entire forests.

The fungi link each tree to others nearby, forming a huge, forest-scale platform for communication and resource sharing. As University of British Columbia ecologist Suzanne Simard has found, these networks include older, larger hub trees (or “mother trees”) that may be connected to hundreds of younger trees around them. “We have found that mother trees will send their excess carbon through the mycorrhizal network to the understory seedlings,” Simard explained in a 2016 TED Talk, “and we’ve associated this with increased seedling survival by four times.”

And, as Simard recently told CNN, mother trees may even help forests adapt to human-induced climate change, thanks to their “memory” of slower natural changes in past decades or centuries. “They’ve lived for a long time and they’ve lived through many fluctuations in climate. They curate that memory in the DNA,” she said. “The DNA is encoded and has adapted through mutations to this environment. So that genetic code carries the code for variable climates coming up.”

Many mangrove trees have stilt roots to help with breathing and stability. (Photo: Sayam Trirattanapaiboon/Shutterstock)

Holding up a tree is a tall order, but it’s often achieved by surprisingly shallow roots. Most trees don’t have a taproot, and most tree roots lie in the top 18 inches of soil, where growing conditions tend to be best. More than half of a tree’s roots usually grow in the top 6 inches of soil, but that lack of depth is offset by lateral growth: The root system of a mature oak, for example, can be hundreds of miles in length.

Still, tree roots vary widely based on species, soil and climate. Bald cypress grows along rivers and swamps, and some of its roots form exposed “knees” that supply air to underwater roots like a snorkel. Similar breathing tubes, called pneumatophores, are also found in the stilt roots of some mangrove trees, along with other adaptations like the ability to filter up to 90 percent of salt out of seawater.

On the other hand, some trees do extend remarkably deep underground. Certain types are more prone to grow a taproot including hickory, oak, pine and walnut especially in sandy, well-drained soils. Trees have been known to go more than 20 feet (6 meters) below the surface under ideal conditions, and a wild fig at South Africa’s Echo Caves has reportedly reached a record root depth of 400 feet.

The Angel Oak, a roughly 400-year-old southern live oak on Johns Island, South Carolina, produces an impressive 17,200 square feet of shade (1,600 square meters) under its iconic gnarled branches. (Photo: Mike Ver Sprill/Shutterstock)

Many mature trees require a huge amount of water, which may be bad for drought-stricken orchards but is often good for people in general. Thirsty trees can limit flooding from heavy rain, especially in low-lying areas like river plains. By helping the ground absorb more water, and by holding soil together with their roots, trees can reduce the risk of erosion and property damage from flash floods.

A single mature oak, for example, is able to transpire more than 40,000 gallons of water in a year meaning that’s how much flows from its roots to its leaves, which release water as vapor back into the air. The rate of transpiration varies during the year, but 40,000 gallons averages out to 109 gallons per day. Larger trees move even more water: A giant sequoia, whose trunk may be 300 tall, can transpire 500 gallons a day. And since trees emit water vapor, large forests also help make it rain.

As a bonus, trees have a knack for soaking up soil pollutants, too. One sugar maple can remove 60 milligrams of cadmium, 140 mg of chromium and 5,200 mg of lead from the soil per year, and studies have shown farm runoff contains up to 88 percent less nitrate and 76 percent less phosphorus after flowing through a forest.

The Amazon rainforest spans about 40 percent of South America and holds 16,000 tree species. (Photo: Shutterstock)

About half of all oxygen in the air comes from phytoplankton, but trees are a major source, too. Still, their relevance for humans’ oxygen intake is a bit hazy. Various sources suggest a mature, leafy tree produces enough oxygen for two to 10 people per year, but others have countered with significantly lower estimates.

Yet even without the oxygen, trees clearly offer plenty of other benefits, from food, medicine and raw materials to shade, windbreaks and flood control. And, as MNN’s Matt Hickman reported in 2016, city trees are “one of the most cost-effective methods of curbing urban air pollution levels and combating the urban heat island effect.” That’s a big deal, since more than 3 million people die worldwide each year from illnesses linked to air pollution. In the U.S. alone, pollution removal by urban trees is estimated to save 850 lives per year and $6.8 billion in total health care costs.

There’s also another notable way trees can indirectly save lives by breathing. They take in carbon dioxide, a natural part of the atmosphere that’s now at dangerously high levels due to the burning of fossil fuels. Excess CO2 drives life-threatening climate change by trapping heat on Earth, but trees especially old-growth forests provide a valuable check on our CO2 emissions.

Trees provide food, housing and other benefits for a wide range of songbirds, like this family of black-naped blue flycatchers nesting in a fork between two branches. (Photo: Super Prin/Shutterstock)

Native trees create vital habitat for a variety of wildlife, from ubiquitous urban squirrels and songbirds to less obvious animals like bats, bees, owls, woodpeckers, flying squirrels and fireflies. Some of these guests offer direct perks for people such as by pollinating our plants, or eating pests like mosquitoes and mice while others bring subtler benefits just by adding to local biodiversity.

To help quantify this effect, researchers from Stanford University recently developed a way to estimate biodiversity based on tree cover. They recorded 67,737 observations of 908 plant and animal species over a 10-year period, then plotted those data against Google Earth images of tree cover. As they reported in a 2016 study, four of the six species groups understory plants, non-flying mammals, bats and birds saw a significant biodiversity boost in areas with more tree cover.

They found that adding a single tree to a pasture, for example, could raise the number of bird species from near zero to 80. After this initial spike, adding trees continued to correlate with more species, but less quickly. As a stand of trees approached 100 percent coverage within a certain area, endangered and at-risk species like wildcats and deep-forest birds began to appear, the researchers report.

Urban trees, like these at Tokyo’s Shinjuku Gyoen, offer more than just ambience. (Photo: Wayne0216/Shutterstock)

It’s human nature to like trees. Just looking at them can make us feel happier, less stressed and more creative. This may be partly due to biophilia, or our innate affinity for nature, but there are also other forces at work. When humans are exposed to chemicals released by trees known as phytoncides, for example, research has shown results such as reduced blood pressure, reduced anxiety, increased pain threshold and even increased expression of anti-cancer proteins.

Considering that, maybe it’s little wonder trees have been shown to raise our evaluations of real estate. According to the U.S. Forest Service, landscaping with healthy, mature trees adds an average of 10 percent to a property’s value. Research also shows urban trees are correlated with lower crime rates, including things from graffiti, vandalism and littering to domestic violence.

Methuselah, a bristlecone pine, has been living in this spot for 4,848 years. (Photo: Rick Goldwasser/Flickr)

One of the most fascinating things about trees is how long some can live. Clonal colonies are known to endure for tens of thousands of years Utah’s Pando aspen grove dates back 80,000 years but many individual trees also stand their ground for centuries or millennia at a time. North America’s bristlecone pines are especially long-lived, and one in California that’s 4,848 years old (pictured above) was considered the planet’s oldest individual tree until 2013, when researchers announced they’d found a another bristlecone that sprouted 5,062 years ago. (The last woolly mammoths, for comparison, died about 4,000 years ago.)

To intelligent primates who are lucky to have 100 birthdays, the idea of a brainless plant living for 60 human lifetimes evokes a unique kind of respect. Yet even when a tree does finally die, it still plays a key role in its ecosystem. Dead wood has huge value for a forest, creating a slow, steady source of nitrogen as well as microhabitats for all kinds of animals. As much as 40 percent of woodland wildlife depends on dead trees, from fungi, lichens and mosses to insects, amphibians and birds.

The nuts of oak trees are hugely popular with wildlife. In the U.S., acorns represent a major food source for more than 100 vertebrate species, and all that attention means most acorns never get to germinate. But oak trees have boom and bust cycles, possibly as an adaptation to help them outfox the acorn-eating animals.

During an acorn boom, known as a mast year, a single large oak can drop as many as 10,000 nuts. And while most of those may end up as a meal for birds and mammals, every so often a lucky acorn gets started on a journey that will carry it hundreds of feet into the sky and a century into the future. For a sense of what that’s like, here’s a time-lapse video of an acorn becoming a young tree:

Read the original post:
15 astounding facts about trees – Mother Nature Network (blog)

April 25th, 2017

Satellite Photos and Radar Scans Could Protect Ancient …

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April 25th, 2017

What is Marvel’s Cloak and Dagger? | Screen Rant – Screen Rant

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Freeform hasdebuted thevery first trailer for Marvels Cloak and Dagger, which is set to air on the channel in 2018. Starring Olivia Holt and Aubrey Joseph as the titular superheroes, the series is aimed more toward the Young Adult market, though undoubtedly it will appeal to all; whether fans of the superhero genre or not. But whats it all about?

Cloak and Dagger made their debut in Marvel ComicsPeter Parker: The Spectacular Spider-Man, in 1982. After a number of Spider-Man appearances, the duo were given their own limited series, and its success prompted Marvel to produce an ongoing bi-monthly Cloak and Dagger comic series, debuting in 1985.

The Cloak and Dagger comic series centers on Tyrone Ty Johnson (Cloak) and Tandy Bowen (Dagger), who meet as runaways in New York City. Ty has a debilitating stutter, which prevented him from stopping the police from shooting his friend, while Tandy has run away to escape her overbearing mother. The pair form a friendship, and when Tandy accepts the offer of accommodation from a group of strangers, Ty goes with her. The pair are delivered to a criminal chemist, who is developing a new brand of synthetic heroin. He tests it on Ty and Tandy, who manage to flee, but the drug somehow imbues both with superhero powers that work in conjunction with one another.

Ty finds himself engulfed in a darkness, which only eases when Tandy is present with her dagger of light. Calling themselves Cloak and Dagger, the pair set about trapping drug dealers Tandy strikes them down with her light dagger before Ty engulfs them in his (physical and metaphorical) cloak of darkness. The duo become vigilantes, hunting down and killing the man (Simon Marshall) who injected them with the synthetic heroin, before embarking on a war against all drug dealers.

Throughout their comic book appearances, Cloak and Dagger encounter a wide range of other Marvel characters, including Spider-Man, Daredevil, Luke Cage, Kingpin, and Doctor Strange. They also become members of Captain Americas faction during the Civil War era.

In April 2016, Marvel Television announced its plans for a Cloak and Dagger TV series. The show will air on Freeform, formerly known as ABC Family. In 2017, it was announced thatCloak and Dagger will consist of ten episodes. The show looks set to be an angsty-teen drama heavily focused on romance, all wrapped up in the superhero genre, of course.

Cloak and Dagger has Joe Pokaski (Heroes) as showrunner, with Jeph Loeb (Head of Marvel Television), and Jim Chory (The Defenders) as executive producers. The series is set in post-Hurricane Katrina New Orleans, and differs somewhat in its setup to the comic book origins: instead of meeting as runaways, Tandy and Ty are connected by a mysterious childhood incident, which is hinted at in the first trailer released. The pair then reconnect later on in life, and Cloak and Dagger follows them as they deal with their own everyday lives, as well as the burden of their superpowers. The connection they share is further complicated by the fact that they find themselves falling in love, and given that the role of Liam, Tandys boyfriend, hasalso been cast, its safe to assume that wont be plain sailing.

Given the subject material, Cloak and Dagger should be right at home on Freeform, and its good to see the YA audience being catered for, since Marvel have already carved out a strong niche in adult superhero TV shows with their Netflix offerings. Freeform also have another Marvel show in the works, New Warriors, starring Squirrel Girl and a band of misfit superheroes, which will be Marvels first half-hour comedy series.

Olivia Holt as Tandy Bowen (Dagger): Holt is a Disney channel stalwart, even though she is only 19. She made her debut in Disney XDs martial arts show, Kickin It, which she landed owing to her gymnastics skills. Those skills will also stand her in good stead for the action scenes in Cloak and Dagger. From there, Holt moved to the Disney Channels I Didnt Do It,before landing the role of Tandy. Holt is also a singer, and her EP was released on Hollywood Records in 2016. Basically, shes a very key memberof the Disney family, hence her taking lead in a Marvel show to be shown on a Disney subsidiary.

Aubrey Joseph as Ty Johnson (Cloak): Joseph has had small roles in TV shows such as Law and Order, and The Night Of. He also appeared in the 2015 movie, Run All Night, which starred Liam Neeson. Josephs part was only small, and Cloak and Dagger will be his first major role, and likely to propel him onto even greater things.

Andrea Roth as Melissa Bowen, Tandys mother: Roth is best known for her role as Janet Gavin, in the TV series, Rescue Me.

Gloria Reuben as Adina Johnson, Tys mother: Reuben is best known as Jeanie Boulet in ER, and Dr. Krista Gordon on Mr. Robot.

Cloak and Daggerseries only started shooting in February, 2017, so its likely that most of the footage shown in the trailer comes from the pilot episode. Even if it all does, its still impressive, and the trailer sets the series up nicely. In fact, the trailer is a lot more impressive than many had expected showcasing a darker tone than might usually be expected on a family channel. That said, YA programming is making a name for itself with its no-holds barred approach. Shows such as 13 Reasons Why, Teen Wolf and New Girl have produced such compelling work that they haveheld a broad appeal to everyone, and Cloak and Dagger looks set to follow suit. Based on what weve seen in the trailer, Cloak and Dagger looks to be a worthy member of the Marvel Television Universe, easily rivaling the kind of quality programming weve come to expect from Marvels Netflix offerings.

Cloak and Dagger is expected to arrive in 2018 on Freeform.

Read more from the original source:
What is Marvel’s Cloak and Dagger? | Screen Rant – Screen Rant

April 24th, 2017

Marvel Legacy Takes Hold this Fall – Marvel (press release) (registration) (blog)

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Published Apr 22, 2017 By Josh Weiss

Get ready for an exciting new initiative kicking off this fall across the entire Marvel Universe, Marvel Legacy! Featuring the most popular characters in the world and blockbuster new storylines, the House of Ideas returns long running titles to their original series numbering with a renewed sense of hope, wonder, enjoyment and fun. We want fans to get fired up.Simple as that, says Marvels Editor-In-Chief Axel Alonso. Marvel Legacy will decide once and for all if the Marvel Universe is big enough for Miles and Peter, Riri and Tony, Thor and Jane Foster, Laura and, dare I say, Logan? Spoiler alert: It is.

A new era of Marvel Comics kicks off in the fall with MARVEL LEGACY #1, a whopping 50-page one-shot stuffed with twists, surprises, mysteries and revelations, plus a special four-panel fold-out cover by Marvel Chief Creative Officer Joe Quesada.

Superstar creators Jason Aaron and Esad Ribic reunite their THOR: GOD OF THUNDER pairing to set the stage for the next chapter of the Marvel Universe.

This one-shot honors Marvel Comics past and its a good window into the present day Marvel Universe and then also sets the stage for where were gonna go in the future, comments Aaron. The main goal was just to be able to give this to someone whos got no idea whats going on in the Marvel right now and have that be a good entry point for them and I think it does that.

As for the plot itself, We get a peak into the very distant past here so we go back to the prehistoric days of the Marvel Universe, he adds, offering up a few tantalizing teases. [We are] seeing versions of Marvels biggest legacy characters and different versions we havent seen before and [an adventure] of, I guess I could call the Prehistoric Avengers. That adventure will have major ramifications for the Marvel Universe going forward.

Not enough epic foreshadowing for you? Alonso also promises a last-page reveal that just might break the Internet while editor Tom Brevoort assures of the return of a central piece of the Marvel mythos that readers have been mourning in recent months.

Marvel Legacy initiative spreads out across the Marvel Universe, showcasing epic storylines hearkening back to the glory days of Marvel starring Odinson, Squirrel Girl, Spider-Man, the Avengers, America Chavez, Iron Man, Moon Knight, the Guardians of the Galaxy, Captain Marvel, Luke Cage, the X-Men, Captain America, Ms. Marvel, Deadpool, the Champions, Wolverine, Ironheart, Hulk, The Punisher, and so many more!

The biggest challenge was in fitting everything that we had into the story, while still actually having a story! expounds Brevoort. When we laid out our plans for this [story] at one of our editorial summits, our community of creators was energetic in offering up key elements of the stories they were planning, so much so that its an embarrassment of riches. Its everything that makes Marvel great, exciting, fun and special in a single high-quality package. This is the Marvel that you remember, and the Marvel that you long for.

But how do we define Marvels legacy?

Marvels legacy is its universe of amazing but always relatable characterseach and every one of them loved for their strengths and weaknesses, relates Alonso. MARVEL LEGACY will prove that yes, absence does make the heart grow fonder, and we love our iconic characters as much as you do.

Marvels legacy is exciting, dramatic heroic stories featuring human, relatable characters facing situations and struggles that find parallel in the lives of our readersthe world outside your window, adds Brevoort.

This one shot being called LEGACY is not a coincidence, contends Aaron. This book is very much about that legacy so we see how that legacy stretches back to the distant past and we follow those characters who carry on that legacy in the present and we set the stage for those characters and that legacy will go in the continuing stories to come.

Beginning this fall, long-running Marvel Universe titles will revert to their classic legacy numbering, honoring and restoring their long history, as new and epic storylines launch under the Marvel Legacy banner. Featuring clean entry points for every series, titles resuming their original numbering will be clearly marked with special trade dress and cover treatments. And thats just the beginning!

Were really setting out to knock you on your ass, vows Brevoort, To get you excited and nervous and eager for all sorts of incredible things weve got coming up across the Marvel Universe in the next year and beyond. Whether youre a fan of the core characters or all of the amazing faces weve introduced over the past couple of years, whether youve been there every Wednesday or you drifted away from Marvel at some point in the past, Marvel Legacy is your easy-access gateway to the future, a shot glass of the Power Cosmic!

Published Apr 21, 2017 By Christine Dinh

Hello Marvelites! Channel your best Star-Lord and bust out your Walkmans because weve got a brand new episode ofThis Week in Marvel.

Alex joins Ben to take on this weeks comic releases including MONSTERS UNLEASHED, NICK FURY, and more! Plus news from the worlds of movies, TV, and games from Marc and Christine (49:38)! A chat with the SPIDER-MEN II editorial team (38:51)! A SECRET EMPIRE breakdown (1:03:00)! And last but not least, your questions and comments (1:33:34)!

Were officially two weeks out from Marvel Studios Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2! If youve already watched our Red Carpet World Premiere five times over, hit play on your Walkmans and join Ryan and Ben next week for the next #TWIMURC where they talk GUARDIANS OF THE GALAXY by Dan Abnett and Andy Lanning! Share your thoughts with us using the hashtag #TWIMURC!

Download episode #286 of This Week in Marvel from, check outMarvel Podcast Central,grab the TWiM RSS feedandsubscribe to This Week in Marvel on iTunes, so you never miss an episode! We are now also on Soundcloud! Head over now to our new hub to listen to the full run of This Week in Marvel!

This Week in Marvel will focus on delivering all the Marvel info on news and new releasesfrom comics to video games to toys to TV to film and beyond! New episodes will be released every Thursday (or so) and TWiM is co-hosted by Marvel VP & Executive Editor of Digital Media Ryan Agent M Penagos and Marvel Editorial Director of Digital Media Ben Morse, along with Editor Marc Strom, Assistant Editor Christine Dinh, and Manager of Video & Content Production Blake Garris. We also want your feedback, as well as questions for us to answer on future episodes! Tweet your questions, comments and thoughts about TWiM to@AgentM,@BenJMorse, @chrissypediaor@Marvelwith the hashtag#ThisWeekinMarvel!

Published Apr 21, 2017 By Tj Dietsch

Every Friday we use the powers of Marvel Unlimited to look back at the very first appearance of a major character, place or object that made waves this week.

He might share a name with one of the most infamous people in the Marvel Universe, but Nick Fury plans on making a reputation for himself with his self-titled series launched this week by writer James Robinson and artist ACO. The new book may have sent Fury to the French Riviera and put him in direct opposition to Frankie Noble, but his comic book roots go back to the 2012 series BATTLE SCARS.

Chris Yost, Matt Fraction and Cullen Bunn collaborated to write the six-issue BATTLE SCARS with art by Scot Eaton. The series, set during the Fear Itself event, kicked off in Afghanistan with the 2nd Battalion Army Rangers trying to figure out why everyone seemed to be shooting everyone else. Here were introduced to Staff Sergeant Marcus Johnson who winds up in Atlanta, Georgia four days later after getting word that his mother, Nia Marie Johnson, passed away. Just as he began to realize that someone specifically wanted his mother dead, hes pinned down by sniper fire and attacked by a wetworks squad backed up by none other than Taskmaster. Luckily, Captain America and then-Director of S.H.I.E.L.D. Daisy Johnson stepped in to help Marcus.

S.H.I.E.L.D. tried keeping him safe in their rebuilt headquarters, but Marcus broke out, took down an entire group of their agents, and started his own investigation into Taskmaster along with his Ranger pal Cheese, otherwise known as Phil Coulson! The search not only lead to another fight with Taskmaster, but a team-up with Deadpool against the Serpent Society and the revelation that a masked man calling himself Orion stood as Johnsons true enemy.

Another masked man soon revealed himself not only as Nick Fury, but as Marcus father. The elder Fury met Nia Johnson when they both worked for the CIA 30 years prior. The two hit it off and nine months later Marcus entered the world. Nia quit that job and Fury worked his spy magic to keep her safe until recently when someone uncovered the information and sold it to Leviathan leader Orion. Fury messed Orion up pretty bad and the continually-dying villain wanted some of the Infinity Formula to fix his problem, but the only real source remained in Marcus blood.

Soon enough, both father and son wound up in Orions clutches. He had his goons cut out Marcus left eye to make a family resemblance. Orion then received a transfusion from Fury that restored his power and youth, but a presumed dead Marcus fought his way through Orions goons. Johnson stalled the villain long enough to get the Avengers there to back his play and save the day, seemingly killing Orion in the process. A few weeks later, Marcus shaved his head, joined his pal Coulson and became official Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. He also decided to take on his fathers name as a way to honor him and carry on a longstanding tradition with the organization.

Flash Forward

Nick Fury Jr. may have first appeared in the Marvel Universe as Marcus Johnson in BATTLE SCARS, but the idea for an African-American take on the character debuted back in 2002 when he showed up in THE ULTIMATES #1 by Mark Millar and Bryan Hitch looking an awful lot like Samuel L. Jackson. A noted comic fan, Jackson appreciated the nod and, by the time the Fury character made his big screen debut in 2008s Iron Man, Jackson filled in the eye patch and long coat!

Published Apr 21, 2017 By Forrest C. Helvie

Ready to be astonished?!

This July, Charles Soule joins a series of the industrys best artists as they prepare to unleash ASTONISHING X-MEN! Last month, we spoke with the writer about his upcoming work on the series relaunch after its four-year hiatus, and now we return to try and pry some extra details from him about what he and his collaborators have in store for not only readers but also this brand new configuration of the X-Men. Charles, last month the news broke that youd be spearheading the re-launch of ASTONISHING X-MEN. From those early news releases, we learned youd be taking readers to all corners of the X-Men mythology according to Editor-in-Chief, Axel Alonso. Can you shed a little light on what this means for both new and long-time fans of mutantkind?

Charles Soule: I dont want to give away too much of the story yet, because ASTONISHING X-MEN is designed to work as a series of reveals. Every time you think you know whats happening, the script gets flipped a bit, usually around the last page of each issue. Its like a puzzle box: part of the fun is figuring it all out. That said the book does do a lot with what I think of as X-Men touchstonessignificant events in the lore, characters new and oldbut rarely the way you think. I call it weaponized nostalgia. Its all explained and laid out, though. Even if youve never read an X-Men comic before, itll just work as a fun adventure. I understand youre looking to make this book just as much of an entry-point title for newer readers as it will be a satisfying experience for long-time fans of these characters. How do you strike that balance between seemingly opposite readerships?

Charles Soule: Not easily! But really, its about making sure that (a) each characters powers are clearly noted or explained when they first appear, (b) writing them like real people who act towards each other the way they should based on their respective histories, and (c) having nostalgia or homage bits work in and of themselves. Like, if you see someone look at a photo of another character and get sad, that works for someone who knows exactly why theyre sad, but also someone who doesnt, if its written correctly. Im spending a lot of time on this specific aspect of the book. I dont think you should need a degree in X-Men-ology to enjoy X-Men comics, but I think having that degree should enhance your enjoyment. If we dont talk about the art, then were not talking comics! And this particular series will be taking a rather unique approach to the visuals. Can you walk us through the genesis behind the choice to introduce a new artist with each issue and why you and Marvel as a whole felt this was the strongest way to tell the story youll be sharing in ASTONISHING X-MEN?

Charles Soule: Well, again, theres a story conceit I dont really want to spoil yet, but I think it will work really well, in part because Marvel is staffing the series with an incredible batch of artists. We start off with Jim Cheung and just go from there, all amazingorastonishing, even. Im tailoring each script to each artists strengths, to the extent I can. Its pretty exciting for me, sort of a high-wire act, to make sure each artist gets what they need to draw a great issue but the overarching story gets served as well. Again, not easy, but fun. Although this is a series that youre structuring to appeal to both new and old readers, I understand youre dipping deep into the archives of the X-Mens rogues gallery in raising The Shadow King to the forefront as the initial Big Bad, and someone who fans could even credit as being the original inspiration for Xaviers creation of the team.

What made him the right choice for you when it came to launching this new series?

Charles Soule: The Shadow King was the first evil mutant Charles Xavier ever encountered, and as we saw way back in UNCANNY X-MEN #117 in 1979, hes essentially the reason Xavier decided to train up other mutants to fight emerging threats in the world. The nice thing about The Shadow King is that he resides in a place called the astral plane, which is sort of a dream dimension where anything anyone imagines can become real. So, battles there tend to be about willpower; the person who can impose their reality on their opponents, force them to believe in whatever situation theyre projecting onto them, tends to win. In ASTONISHING, well see some fantastic set pieces built around that idea, some of which will tie into signature past events from X-Men history. Its not all backwards-looking, though. This is a story that moves the X-Men forward in a huge way. Although youve certainly worked with your fair share of mutants in your time at Marvel, Charles, I believe your time with this particular group is more limited, no? What aspects of these characters made them the right ones to engage in this journey?

Charles Soule: Thats correct. Except for Mystique, Ive never really written any of this group to any real degree, unless you count Old Man Logan and Wolverine as the same character; theyre not, although of course there are similarities. I like this cast because it gives me an immense amount to work with as far as their interpersonal relationships. Rogue and Gambit have a long history together, romantic and otherwise. Mystique raised Rogue for a while. Fantomex and Angel have both been linked with Psylocke. Old Man Logan probably killed all of these folks back in his own universe. And on and on it goes. The power set is varied, theyre all super cool in different waysits a rich stew, and I feel like I can do a ton with it. I should also say that the eight characters on the cover of ASTONISHING X-MEN #1 are not the only X-Men that will appear in the series, but theyre definitely the leads. Before we wrap up, I want to lob one fastball special your way. Theres always a concern among comic book fans about consequences. With a new series launch, we expect a certain amount of bombast, but what sort of consequences have you baked into the story youre preparing to launch? In what ways does this story not only matter, but why is it one thats going to be a must read for X-Men fans of all kinds and varieties?

Charles Soule: I think that will all be made clear on the last page of ASTONISHING X-MEN #1. I think Im known for writing a certain kind of X-book, after DEATH OF WOLVERINE, DEATH OF X and IVX. ASTONISHING X-MEN is no exception. If people want consequences, theyll get em.

Charles Soule and the top artistic talent in the comics industry bring you ASTONISHING X-MEN, beginning in July!

Published Apr 21, 2017 By Tim Stevens

In U.S.AVENGERS #6available May 17Steve Rogers continues his campaign to remake the Marvel Universe in Hydras image by finally seizing control of A.I.M. One cannot help but wonder, however, whats motivating the Sentinel of Lies to pull this society of scientists under his wing.

Thankfully, we do not need to wonder when we have writer Al Ewing on the speed dial. He gladly gave us some perspective on Rogers dark plan. To begin with, why is A.I.M. such a glittering prize for Steve Rogers in specific and Hydra in general?

Al Ewing: Well, theyre not a glittering prize as suchalthough if he can sway any to his side, thats finebut they are a potential complication, and one with the potential to mess up his intricate plans. So ideally, he needs to get them out of the way, both by making sure they dont interfere with his plan as it unfolds, and then after that, by making sure they dont interfere with Hydra business. What threat would an independently operating A.I.M. represent for Rogers?

Al Ewing: Well, for one thing, theyve been trained to resist hypnosis in a way S.H.I.E.L.D. hasntthanks to the teachings of the late, great Professor Xso Rogers cant just use his good friend Dr. Faustus to brainwash them. Which means hes probably going to have to lock them up in some secret facility somewhere and work on them for a while. He cant let a bunch of super-scientists run around free and unsupervised. How does he envision A.I.M. working after he fully seizes control of them? What is his ideal vision of them as an organization?

Al Ewing: I imagine if he can get the whole organization on board, hell put them to work somehow, most likely as an arm of Hydra.

To be honest, what Rogers probably wants from A.I.M. is for them to just get back in their safe little box and be evil scientists again so at least he can understand whats going on with them. Hes an old man at heart, he likes things a certain way and why does he have to change? As Roberto da Costa struggles against and, seemingly, falls to Rogers agenda, what are his fears for A.I.M.? Where does he worry it might go under someone elses direction that isnt his?

Al Ewing: Well, Robertos going to have a lot to worry about himself. As people might have guessed from the solicits, hes in some serious personal danger and he might not make it through this one alive. But assuming he does, Id imagine his biggest nightmare for A.I.M. would be them slipping backwards into their old, evil ways, or being lured there by a charismatic creep like Rogers. U.S.AVENGERS, particularly with this issue, is a great mix of intense action and political machinations. How does Paco Medinas art help to bring that to life on the page without either element eclipsing the other? Any particular sequence, without spoilers, you are really excited for fans to see him render?

Al Ewing: Pacos brilliant and he draws an amazing Red Hulk, too. Im going to particularly enjoy seeing him deal with the sequence set in Europe, since thats going to feature some exciting guest starsfor anyone who knows his work, were bringing back a selection of the contestants from the CONTEST OF CHAMPIONS comic we did together. So fans of Guillotine, Outlaw, and Ares should hopefully be happy there. I know I will be.

See if Steve Rogers succeeds in U.S.AVENGERS #6, available May 17 courtesy of Al Ewing and Paco Medina!

Published Apr 21, 2017 By Josh Weiss

We find ourselves at the end of an era, folks. Just as Stephen Strange once faced The Last Days of Magic, writer Jason Aaron finds himself fast approaching the final installment of his nearly two-year run on DOCTOR STRANGE with issue #20 coming May 17. No need to worry, though, because the MIGHTY THOR writer says he has more plans in store for the Sorcerer Supreme.

Jason worked some of his magic on us to deliver a few poignant thoughts on a comic that means a lot to him and the Marvel Universe. Prepare for things to get strangewell, stranger than usual anyway. Youve been writing DOCTOR STRANGE for nearly two years. What has been your favorite part about writing for Stephen Strange? Put another way: What was been the most magical part?

Jason Aaron: I think to me, the most important part coming in was just making the book fun. DOCTOR STRANGE as a series is one that didnt always catch on. We hadnt had a solo DOCTOR STRANGE ongoing in a quite a while so the character is sometimes hard for people to connect with or relate to and his world maybe seems so different compared to the rest of the Marvel Universe and maybe a little impenetrable. So I wanted it to be welcoming to people whod never read a STRANGE book before, but also at the same time, something that could be embraced by the longtime fans of the character and as part of that, I wanted to make it fun to hang out with Stephen Strange and embrace the fact that he is very different from the all the rest of the heroes of the Marvel Universe; I did want to give a weight to what Strange goes through and let you understand a little bit about what its like to be him and the price he has to pay to be the Sorcerer Supreme. Its not like Cap throwing a shield or Thor throwing a hammer. Theres a real price to be paid every time Doctor Strange uses magic. Sometimes thats a price thats paid by other people, by the world at large, but most often thats the price thats paid by him. So I think we demonstrated that in a lot of different ways and just how difficult it is to be the Sorcerer Supreme. I like kind of that dichotomy and the fact that Doctor Strange seems to be having a good time, the guy even embraces the weirdest little corner of the Marvel Universe, but at the same time, you dont really wanna be Doctor Strange. Its not a fun gig. Which character, hero or villain, have you most identified with and why?

Jason Aaron: I think it was nice to add a character like Zelma [the librarian] to the mix, someone who came into Stranges world with fresh eyes, someone who didnt really even believe in magic before that and certainly didnt embrace the weirdness in a way that Strange does so I liked seeing [the weirdness] through her eyes and seeing how that experience has changed her along the way, which we really drive that point home in the last issue, issue #20. Under your direction, Stephen went from the top of his game as a Sorcerer Supreme to seeing magic die off. Can you discuss the process of crafting this roller coaster-esque odyssey for such a unique character and the challenges therein?

Jason Aaron: I like the way of sort of establishing Strange and the beat he walks as Sorcerer Supreme and what its like to him. I like the idea of [villains] who really [burn] his world to the groundI think from there we start to kind of rebuild it. [We put] a few more limits on his powers; Strange has become kind of a deus ex machina for a while in the Marvel [Universe] where he could always just sort of show up and wave his fingers and save the day so I wanted to get away from that and show its a lot harder for him to be who he is and to do what he does, show him really have to fight and struggle for it, sometimes literally. We wanted him to be able to mix it up a little bit more and not just stand around and shoot magical energy blasts, but have to pick up a weapon and jump into the fray more than were used to seeing.

Doctor Strange #20 cover Another theme in the comic is the existence of supernatural horrors just beyond the veil of human comprehension, which was brought to vivid life by Chris Bachalos artwork. Was the cosmic horror and weird fiction of H.P. Lovecraft an influence at all?

Jason Aaron: Sure. Ive read a lot of Lovecraft and love it. I think, again, that Doctor Strange is very different from all the other heroes in the Marvel Universe and that hes the guy who walks a very different sort of beat and has to deal with threats that most of the other heroes may not even know exist. We wanted to drive that home and Chris has been a huge part of that. Right out of the gate in issue #1 we did the bit where we kind of see the world through Doctor Stranges eyes; we call it Strange Vision where we see the normal world kind of go into black and white and we see all the things that only someone like Stephen Strange can see in pop and color. Chris is the perfect artist to do stuff like that. He really took it to another level on this. All along the way, once he was on board, hes been filled with all sorts of crazy ideas with stuff to put in this book, visually, and has taken it to some really wild, imaginative places. What was it like writing this comic in the midst of big releases like the Doctor Strange movie that helped propel Stephen to a status of fame that he may not have enjoyed before?

Jason Aaron: Yeah, I think thats really cool. Certainly anything that helps get more eyes on the comics, Im always a fan of. I really enjoyed the movie, I really liked the tone of it and it felt like the movie and the comic were kind of pulling in the same direction in that regard. Im really excited to see Strange pop up again in the [Marvel] Cinematic Universe. What hints and/or spoilers can you offer up about issue #20 before it drops in May?

Jason Aaron: I think it kind of sums up my run-up to this point. Its the big issue; its drawn by the two artists whove handled most of it in the art so far: Chris Bachalo, the main artist, and then Kevin Nowlan whos drawn a few bits here and there. So the two of them together, I think theyre the perfect pairing for this series. Its a story that goes to a lot of different places, kind of focuses on Stephen and the core group of supporting characters around him and like I said, sums up my run so far and kind of sets things up for the new writer Dennis Hopeless to [take on] these same characters and take them forward into some new and different stories. And going off that, can you say anything on where Doctor Strange will go from here? Is he gonna be making any cameo appearances in MIGHTY THOR?

Jason Aaron: Maybe. You never know. I really enjoyed writing that team-up issue of STRANGE where we saw Doctor Strange and Thor teaming up so yeah, I dont think Im done writing Doctor Strange in some capacity. Is there anything in particular that you hope readers have taken away from your run on the title?

Jason Aaron: Just, you know, dont ever touch Doctor Stranges refrigerator

Join Jason Aaron, Chris Bachalo, and Kevin Nowlan for DOCTOR STRANGE #20 on May 17!

Published Apr 21, 2017 By Tj Dietsch

It seems like a great time to be Luke Cage, so whys he getting involved in a mysterious battle in New Orleans? The man who continues to mature as a leader, hero, parent, and husband, will find trouble in his past as seen in his self-titled May 17-debuting series.

Written by David F. Walker with Nelson Blake II on art, the one-time Power Man will head down to the Big Easy to find out what happened to Dr. Noah Burstein, the deceased doctor whose experiments turned Luke from a wrongly incarcerated inmate into a man with impenetrable skin. We talked with Blake about Lukes past, his trip down South, and what makes him such an appealing character to draw. Luke Cage is in a great place right now between his new status as a media star and his various comic appearances. How does it feel to be drawing the character at this time?

Nelson Blake II: While I am a huge fan of the show, my excitement for the character really started with [writer Brian Michael Bendis] take on him over the years.I read a ton of that stuff in DAREDEVIL, NEW AVENGERS, etc. He wrote Luke as a great leader, but also as a powerful hero and overall interesting guy.That kind of thing really gets my imagination going for a character, which is what really made me happy when [Marvel Editor-in-Chief] Axel [Alonso] and the crew offered me Cage. This is a character who had a very signature look back in the day, but has gone more modern as the years have gone on. How do you balance the classic with the new in that sense?

Nelson Blake II: From the classic era, I think there is a tone that is always present in Cage, but hes definitely older and I enjoy that.Some characters get modernized, not because they actually grow, but because times have changed.Luke has actually matured as a man and his current look reflects that.Its not often that a character can look at their own original incarnation and get that same feeling that we all get when we look at old pictures of ourselves, for the good and the embarrassing parts of all of it. In addition to his choice in clothes, Luke has also grown up a lot since his first appearance. Hes a father and husband now. Does that change how he carries himself in your mind?

Nelson Blake II: Absolutely.One of the most important parts of adulthood is learning that your actions affect others and youre responsible for that.As much as any character in comics, this resonates with Luke.Even down to the nature of his powers, being bulletproof.While he is quite strong, his signature ability is defensive and protective and that becomes a metaphor for his personality. It sounds like Luke will be looking into his own past as well as that of Dr. Burstein. How is it peering back into that world?

Nelson Blake II: Luke revisiting his own past is very personal and challenging for the character.I cant reveal too much, as Lukes interactions with his origin and Bursteins role in it are all key moments in the story.Its a great take by David and the editorial crew that makes the events matter to Luke, as opposed to a villain-of-the-week approach. What can you say about the tone youre working with in the series? Will this be a street level book mixed with some super hero elements or something else altogether?

Nelson Blake II: Its got a crossover with crime, noir, sci-fi, and straight-up comics stuff.Im a big fan of dynamic contrast, so I like going from a scene thats totally still and could be shot with an ABC camera setup, then pushing things to a level thats comics only, in your face and over the top.Thats reflective of my influences from novels and Michael Mann movies all the way to animation and manga. Thats the fun of comics, being able to bring all those things into one place and hold them together with an art style and pace that doesnt sacrifice drama for action, or vice versa. This first arc takes place in New Orleans. Do you enjoy diving into that kind of real world setting while also mixing in some of the more Marvel Universe elements?

Nelson Blake II: Im a New Yorker, so the New Orleans research has been a really fun departure from my own experience.The architecture, weather, and culture dictate a feel and tell of history thats another world compared to Lukes more common NYC/Harlem roots.It also serves well to isolate him from the comfort of his fellow heroes, which is a great place to start in a solo title. David guided Lukes adventures in the previous series with Iron Fist. How is it working with him on this character hes become even more familiar with?

Nelson Blake II: The first thing that struck me is how much David cares.He infuses Luke with a dignity and personal approach without skimping on the fun comic book elements.Dave is also somewhat of a comics historian and that comes through in a lot of his staging and sequencing.His vision is rooted in comics tradition without being trapped by it, and his experience with other great artists makes telling his stories really easy.Talking to him about the scripts and the characters gives me a lot to work with, because he has thought through the drama and characterization, and you can just tell that each issue is a film in his head.This makes sense, as David has a history as a filmmaker.Its been a joy so far and I hope hes having as much fun as I am.The whole team is great to work with, from editorial to colors.

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Marvel Legacy Takes Hold this Fall – Marvel (press release) (registration) (blog)

April 16th, 2017

Increasing presence of ticks requires change in behavior | TribLIVE – Tribune-Review

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Tick prevention and care

How to avoid ticks and what to do if you’re bitten: Advice from the U.S. Center for Disease Control.

Avoid wooded and brushy areas with high grass and leaf litter.

Walk in the center of trails.

Use repellents that contain 20 to 30 percent DEET on exposed skin.

Use products that contain permethrin on clothing.

Shower within two hours of coming indoors to more easily find and wash off ticks.

Conduct a full-body tick check using a hand-held or full-length mirror to view all parts of your body. Pay special attention to armpits, ears, the belly button, behind the knees, between the legs, around the waist and especially in hair.

Examine gear and pets for ticks that might attach to you later.

Tumble dry clothes in a dryer on high heat for 10 minutes to kill ticks.

If you find a tick, remove it using fine-tipped tweezers. Grasp it as close to the skin as possible and pull upward with steady, even pressure. Thoroughly clean the bite area and your hands.

The PA Lyme Resource Network offers additional information on Lyme diagnosis, support groups, videos, and more at

For information on getting ticks tested, visit the Northeast Wildlife DNA Laboratory site

Updated 7 hours ago

It is, unfortunately, the new reality.

Once upon a time, going into the woods to hunt, fish a stream, hike a trail, camp and coming out again was something that could be accomplished without worry. No more.

Now, each outing should start with precautions and end with a full-body check.


Black-legged ticks, the pests that carry Lyme disease, have spread throughout the Northeast and upper Midwest and slowly but surely are filling in the gaps between.

No one knows what’s behind their appearance.

We don’t have a good answer to that question. And it’s a great question, said Rick Ostfeld, senior scientist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in Millbrook, N.Y., who has been studying ticks for 25 years

One theory holds that ticks were common across the Northeast until European settlers cleared standing forests, Ostfeld said. The thinking, he added, is they now simply are reclaiming old habitats.

What seems certain is ticks aren’t going away.

They’re here. That’s just the way it is now and probably forever, said Tom Simmons, a professor of environmental health at IUP. So at the end of the day, it really comes down to taking preventative measures. It’s a behavioral thing.

People have been slow to adapt.

According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control in Atlanta, there were 38,069 diagnosed cases of Lyme disease in America in 2015, the latest year for which numbers are available. That ranked it the fifth-most-common notifiable disease nationally.

That doesn’t tell the story, though.

Keep in mind that the number of reported cases does not reflect every case of Lyme disease that is diagnosed in the United States every year, said Kate Fowlie, spokeswoman with the CDC.

Studies suggest that roughly 300,000 people are diagnosed with Lyme disease each year in the United States.

This might be an especially bad season for new cases.

Ostfeld said his research shows the abundance of ticks is predicated not on white-tailed deer populations, as many believe, but on acorns and white-footed mice.

When oak forests produce a banner crop of acorns, wildlife simply can’t consume them all, Ostfeld said. Mice store the surplus and get a jump start on reproduction.

Their population booms the following summer, he said.

The mice are in turn the perfect host, he added. Unlike raccoons, opossums, squirrels and other mammals, they’re not very good at grooming away larval ticks.

So the year after a mouse boom, tick numbers explode, Ostfeld said.

That’s a concern now.

Large areas of the Northeast had lots of acorns in 2015. They’ll see lots of ticks this year, Ostfeld said.

Outdoorsmen and women are on their own for dealing with that.

While the Food and Drug Administration recently approved clinical trials for a human Lyme disease vaccine, there isn’t one yet available, Fowlie said.

A vaccine for mice might be closer.

A Nashville company called US Biologic is seeking federal approval for an oral one. Much like the U.S. Department of Agriculture drops fish cakes containing rabies vaccine from airplanes to inoculate raccoons, US Biologic would like to distribute Lyme vaccine by hand or using a timed-release system, said chief executive officer Mason Kauffman.

Field trials in New York showed a significant drop in infected ticks, he said. Results of a more recent three-year study in Connecticut are pending.

Similarly, researchers with the Tick-borne Diseases Program in New Jersey learned bait boxes that treat visiting hungry mice with insecticides led to 97 percent fewer ticks in study areas. But it takes two years to see that change, they wrote.

In the meantime, people shouldn’t be afraid to go outside, said Jeff Covelli of New Castle, who is affiliated with the PA Lyme Resource Network.

They do need to use caution, though, he said. He knows. His wife and son contracted Lyme disease.

With his son especially, there have been serious health implications, he said.

Once you get it, it’s an absolute mess, Covelli said. It’s like trying to put together a 1,000-piece jigsaw puzzle one piece at a time.

Covelli is adamant that outdoors-oriented people need to be proactive in avoiding similar troubles. That includes doing regular tick checks after each outing.

The key, the absolute key going forward, is prevention, he said. It’s something people have to be mindful of.

Look closely when doing checks, Simmons said.

Adult ticks about the size of a sesame seed are relatively easy to spot, he said. Nymph-stage ticks about the size of a poppy seed are not. They’re also more worrisome, he said, as they account for most cases of Lyme.

They’ll become more common going forward, he added, with their numbers peaking in mid-July.

Not all ticks carry Lyme disease, but anyone finding one should see a doctor immediately, said Nicole Chinnici, a forensic scientist at the Northeast Wildlife DNA Laboratory at East Stroudsburg. Save the tick, too, she suggested, so doctors know what they’re dealing with.

Right now, the very best way to know if you’ve been infected is to get your tick tested, Chinnici said.

If that’s inconvenient, it’s just the way things are, Simmons said.

If you go outside, you’re at risk. People have to understand that and take precautions, he said.

Bob Frye is the Tribune-Review outdoors editor. Reach him at 412-216-0193 or See other stories, blogs, videos and more at

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Increasing presence of ticks requires change in behavior | TribLIVE – Tribune-Review

April 14th, 2017

The Art of Paying Attention: Round-tailed Ground … – Arizona Public Media

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Their diet is primarily vegetationcactus, mesquite pods, seeds–and insects, but I had witnessed a round-tail squirrel eating road kill of its own kind, which did lower the cuteness quotient.

I had questions and I love talking to people who devote much of their time to particular species. So I put out a call to the [National Phenology Network}( , asking for a squirrel expert. That led me to John Koprowski, Professor and Associate Director of the School of Natural Resources & the Environment at the University of Arizona. He studies squirrels around the world.

Turns out these common squirrels have yet to be focused on as much as the other two Arizona speciesantelope squirrels and rock squirrels. Even though Professor Koprowski described round-tailed ground squirrels as the neighbor we know so little about, he knows a lot.

When I asked about cannibalism, he said, They do not pass up a protein opportunity. We dont know if round-tailed squirrels kill each othersome other kinds of male squirrels will kill the youngbut they do cannibalize their dead.

Round-tailed ground squirrels are themselves a source of a large amount of food to raptors, mammals, and snakes. Squirrels also move soil and disperse seeds. When you add up these benefits, the pest moniker doesnt really apply.

That doesnt mean I want them in the house. Last year, in the spring, I found a baby round-tailed ground squirrel lying on its side on my kitchen floor. It looked stiff, eyes closed, unmoving. I thought it was dead, but when I picked it up in a paper towel, the squirrel was breathing. No marks, no blood, so I took it outside and sat with it in my lap, just watching.

It flailed and I realized that one leg was broken at the hippoor little leg just flopped. The squirrel squinted, reached up, and touched my finger, barely grazing his claws on my skin. Then it collapsed. No hope for this precious one.

You know that feeling when you sense someones watching you? The next day, I looked down from my work table to see another baby squirrel looking up at me. The screen doors were closed, but theres a small gap between the wood door jamb and the metal doors. Its barely as wide as my little finger, but these acrobatic creatures are not only flexible, they can also stretch their skins. Perhaps this route is how the first one broke its hip, but the one sitting on her haunches was perfect.

She stared at me with eyes black and shiny as obsidian, her ears like cropped rosettes. Her fur was the muted color of desert earth and clouds Before we started the chase that could only end with the cat, or my setting out fruit and nuts in a humane trap, I dropped a container upside-down over her, slid a piece of stiff paper under her and took her outside. Baby scampered away.

Cutest cannibal ever.

NOTES: In the book Our Desert Neighbors, written in 1950 by Edmund Jaeger, the author referred to these squirrels as Citellus territicaudus neglectus. It seems an appropriate tag for these busy little bodies that haven’t been studied much, but I noticed a different designation in current descriptions. According to Professor Koprowski, the name of the round-tailed ground squirrel was recently revised by scientists to Xerospermophilus tereticaudus neglectus the neglectus portion is the subspecies and is often left off.

“Round-tailed” refers to the circumference and “ground” refers to their burrows.

Visual storyteller Beth Surdut invites you to observe, with unbounded curiosity, the wild life that flies, crawls, and skitters along with us in our changing environment. From exotic orchids and poison dart frogs to local hawks and javelinas, Surdut illustrates her experiences with wild and cultivated nature by creating color-saturated silk paintings and detailed drawings accompanied by true stories.

You can find Surdut’s drawings – and true stories about spirited critters – at and

Beth Surdut’s illustrated work Listening to Raven won the 2013 Tucson Festival of Books Literary Award for Non-Fiction. Elements of her raven clan have appeared in Orion Magazine, flown across the digitally looped Art Billboard Project in Albany, New York and roosted at the New York State Museum in an exhibition of international scientific illustrators.

The solo exhibition of the drawings and stories of The Art of Paying Attention will be at The Ranch House Gallery at Agua Caliente Park from April 15 to May 10. It presents a unique opportunity for AZ Spotlight listeners to see her illustrations of the animals she talks about.

During that time, other than the scheduled reception and workshops listed below, Beth will be there often during gallery hours, working on drawings and new critter stories. In April, hours are Wednesday through Saturday, 10 am – 3 pm and in May, Tuesday through Saturday, 9 – 2. The Reception is Sunday April 30, 10 am – noon.

Under the aegis of the National Phenology Network, Beth Surdut is hosting two Paying Attention workshops at Agua Caliente Park Sunday, April 23, 9 am – noon and Wednesday, May 10, 8 am – 11 am. Advanced registration required.

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The Art of Paying Attention: Round-tailed Ground … – Arizona Public Media