July 15th, 2018

Pest Control Cost Guide 2018 – Homeadviceguide

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Pests can pose a serious hazard to your health. Find out more about the common household pests and the average pest control cost in this guide.

Heres a list of the very common family and garden pests to watch out for:

Rodents :Rats and mice need to always gnaw to keep their teeth filed down and could cause damage to furniture, fittings and electric cables; they can even cause a fire by ruining cables and wires. The are also many health risks carried by rodents. For instancebrown rats carry 13 different kinds of parasites and illnesses including salmonella.

Bedbugs: Because bedbugs are small and as flat as a piece of paper, they can fit inside any crack or crevice, which makes them extremely hard to eliminate. Bed bus feed mostly on blood.

Bees, wasps and hornets: These insects may be difficult to identify, so you ought to hire a pest control specialist, as there are specific guidelines you have to follow when dealing with bees, which are important for pollination. Hornets and wasps, however, are more aggressive and you may need to have a professional pest controller to remove it.

Cockroaches :These bugs are quite common, especially in crowded housing environments. They are able to carry diseases and like to hide in wall and ceiling voids, rubbish or furniture. Its essential to maintain a tidy home and garden to prevent anycockroach infestation.

Ants :Ants are a common garden pest which may also invade your house. However, ants are comparatively easy to get rid of with using an excellent powder.

Moles: This pest can severely damage your garden as they tend to create their own enormous network of tunnels and prefer to eat mostly insects instead of garden plants. A pest control professional will probably use traps to get moles, as many poisons are now prohibited.

Squirrels Squirrels can cause a great deal of damage, chewing through insulation, woodwork, wiring and pipes. They may be aggressive when challenged and carry diseases youll need to rent a professional to cope with squirrels.

There are a number of ways to remove pests, such as fumigation, using traps and poisons or relying on more natural methods.

The idea of using traps and poisons to get rid of pests may not sit comfortably with everyone after all,they are notthe most humane method available if you dont know what youre doing. However, if it is done in a professional way, it is aneffective pest control method thatshouldnt be overlooked. Some devices such as the traditional mouse trap can seem brutal, though some pest control specialists use traps that capture the animal and then they release it safely elsewhere.

Many bugs can be killed off through the use of chemical sprays but for the quickest method of pest control you should consider investing in an electric zapper trap, which will do the work for you. However, these are not effective at killing off serious infestations and pesticides are still often the best method to use in these cases.

When hiring a professional exterminator who uses pesticides, ask them if the chemicals they are using comply with the Control of Pesticides Act 1986 and the Control of Substance Hazardous to Health Regulation 1994. This will ensure the chemicals comply with the relevant government legislation and are safe to use.

Fumigation is only used for the most extreme infestations. In these cases the property is sealed off and a gas is pumped in, designed to kill all the pests. This really is for the most serious infestations and is fairly expensive, yet thoroughly effective you will probably need to leave the property for a few days in this case. The cost to fumigate a house increases depending on the location as prices tend to be higher in bigger cities and in particular in London.

Average fumigation cost:120 160

This is a way of reducing the number of pests on your property without the guilt associated with laying poison traps or the use of chemicals. Biological elimination works by introducing predators into the natural environment to hunt the pests in a natural manner, providing ecological balance and harmony to your property. This is best suited to large areas of lands and although somewhat effective, it wont entirely remove a pest problem.

This is an easy and obvious way of removing pests taking away their habitats or whatever it is that attracts them to the area. For instance, a pile of rubbish may seem to be a bountiful feast to a pack of rats removing it will mean they wont have food and will have to re-home themselves elsewhere. Rubbish should be kept in sealed or inaccessible containers to prevent rodents picking through them, as well as stopping flies or other insects from gathering.

Warm and damp environments will attract termites and other insects, so look out for cracks or leaks in the attic and make sure the drainage is working properly outside the house. Another hotspot that attracts animals is underneath your shed where there is a gap to allow air circulation and to prevent the wooden floor from rotting. Pests will often nest here and the best way to stop them is by setting up a wire screen around the bottom of the shed

Its difficult to establish an average pest control cost as private company rates vary.

Know that the pest control prices offered will vary based on:

It is a good idea to try and get cheaper pest control services through your local council. Underneath preventing Damage by Pests Act 1949, each council is obliged to control the rodent population in their own region.

However, councils differ inside the services they offer; some may possibly just deal with certain kinds of pests, for example, so you ought to contact yours for guidance. In the event youre a private homeowner in addition, you might not qualify for whole pest control services from your own council. There are some other ways by which you can reduce thepest control cost, including:

Large cities like London can become more prone to pest issues and unfortunately, like most things in London, pest control costswill also be greater than it really is inside the remainder of the nation. London pest control services will even charge differently depending on the: i) the level of infestation ii) the size of the infested property iii) the type of treatment and iv)which are you live in. To help you understand the cost of pest control in London, we have created a table that indicates the prices for on residential treatment.

Source:primepestcontrol.co.uk

You might also want to check the following guide for more information here

You should get a couple of quotes from a professional and be aware that pest control prices will vary depending on the type and size of the infestation. A professional should be able to give you a ballpark figure about thepest control costfor the work beforehand.

How to deal with pests http://www.royalgreenwich.gov.uk/info/431/pest_control/10/pest_control_services

RHS reveal the top ten garden pests http://www.telegraph.co.uk/gardening/gardeningadvice/11418434/RHS-reveal-the-top-ten-garden-pests.html

Common household pests https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_common_household_pests

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) http://www2.epa.gov/safepestcontrol

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) http://www2.epa.gov/safepestcontrol/pest-control-resources-residents

University of California Statewide IPM Program http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/menu.homegarden.html

How to Control Pests Safely http://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf

Citizens Guide to Pest Control and Pesticide Safety http://www2.epa.gov/safepestcontrol/citizens-guide-pest-control-and-pesticide-safety

Read more here:
Pest Control Cost Guide 2018 – Homeadviceguide

July 15th, 2018

Twelve things about Squirrels that will blow your mind

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Squirrels rule. Heres why:

Where have you been all my life?

Ive tried to explain my love of squirrels to folks before, only to watch them back away slowly and speed dial their doctor for a rabies vaccine. So here it is (with pictures), twelve amazing facts about squirrels for the uninitiated.

1) Theres a squirrel superhero: Squirrel Girl! (And Ulysses the squirrel superhero from Kate DiCamillos fabulous Flora and Ulysses, who writes poems!).

2) Squirrels can jump vertically five feet, and can leap between objects that are over ten feet apart. Given that squirrels are less than 1/10th the size of people, if you could do this, you would be a superhero who could literally jump onto five story buildings and clear buses and trucks in a single bound.

3) Squirrels can sprint faster than you. (Unless youre Usain Bolt, in which case youre probably faster than a squirrel. But can you run vertically up a tree at 12 mph? I didnt think so.)

Twiggy has experienced more in two squirrel years than most people do in a lifetime.

4) Squirrels are good swimmers, although they usually prefer not to. Except for Twiggy, the water-skiing squirrel.

Albus, the rare Oberlin unicorn squirrel.

5) The college I went to had a rare white unicorn squirrel in its central square. I saw it once, and it was one of the best days of my life.

Moments later there was nothing left but bones. (Image from Brian Ashcraft)

6) In Japan, there are squirrel gardens (where you can pet squirrels with oven mitts).

7) The white fur on the inner thigh of a squirrel is the softest thing you have never touched.

8) Squirrels pull out their tail fur for their young.

9) A squirrel nest is called a drey. It looks like a leafy piata in a tree, but please dont hit it with a stick.

10) Squirrels in North America used to migrate in massive numbers, following the cycles of bountiful acorn harvests. When settlers first arrived in this country, they reported squirrels being so thick in the trees above during a migration that they blocked out the sun for days. The best part squirrels could do most of the journey from the East coast to Indiana without ever touching the ground. But as settlers started to clear the forests, the great squirrel migrations became fragmented. Where squirrels had to cross fields, they were killed in the thousands by coyotes, foxes, and other predators, including people who reported killing hundreds of squirrels per hour with clubs (and getting a penny a pelt). The last great squirrel migration was in 1963 in Wisconsin, when a couple million squirrels were seen migrating (and dying on the highway and in lakes). One fisherman reported a wave of squirrels swimming toward his boat and nearly sinking it as they ran over him. Since then, this mass migration behavior has gone extinct.*

11) The Japanese flying squirrel is the cutest thing you have ever seen. (If this doesnt win you over to the squirrel side of the force, then try number 12).

Laugh not. We ate a dog.

12) Squirrels have been known to gang up and attack much larger animals. Dont believe me? Check out this BBC report of squirrels in Russia who killed a large Rottweiler that barked at them and carried off pieces of its flesh. The moral: dont mess with squirrels!

And we can fly too!

*Okay, this post might seem to have very little to do with writing (except for the fact that squirrels are awesome, and therefore an inspiration to every writer ever) but for years Ive wanted to write a book on squirrel migration (see #10). Trouble is, when I tried to research it, I found that very few biologists know about this behavior, and one of the leading experts, Dr. Flygar, (yes, that really is his name) I fear has passed away. So its been a tough one to investigate, but if you know any experts on squirrel migration, or migration witnesses, please send me their contact information. The wonder of squirrel migrations must be documented before all knowledge of this fantastic (and now extinct) behavior fades away!

Final note: There is a Squirrel Lovers Club. Dont judge. Just join.

Go here to see the original:
Twelve things about Squirrels that will blow your mind

July 14th, 2018

Appendix: New Stuff!

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Appendix: New Stuff!

NewStuff

Contents

1. Recent additions to the site

2. Site Status/Problems

3. Upcoming Profiles

4. NewProfiles

5. Majorupdates needed – can you help?

6. MasterList of Profiles Needed

RecentAdditions

06-20-2018 – Added Wolverine vol.1 & 2 to the ProfilesNeeded List, can you help with profiles for characters such as Mastodon, Dirtnap, Brent Jackson or Mauvais?

04-04-2018 – Added page for Earth-57780(Spidey Super Stories) profile list.

03-25-2018 – Added Amazing Adventures and theAnnihilation series to the ProfilesNeeded List

03-24-2018 – Added Cable vol 2, 3, Askani’son,Blood & Metal, Soldier X and the One-Shots series to the ProfilesNeeded List. Now go and write some profiles!

02-18-2018 – Added page for Bill Mantlocharacter list.

01-24-2018 – Added a page for Earth-8107characters, etc.

01-07-2018 – Added Avengers vol 2, 3, 4, 5 andAvengers A.I. series to the ProfilesNeeded List.

SiteStatus/Problems

1.The siteis http://www.marvunapp.com/Appendix(A in Appendix must be capital)

2. Additions or corrections? Please contactthe Master ofthe Obscure responsible for the profile. Visit our overview page toget in touch.

Upcomingprofiles (wow,this list gets out of control quickly) mostof these arerequests from fans (all are, if you include me)

Planned updates/expansions

Sister Maggie (Daredevil’s mother)TuanHarold MeachumCadaver/Pale HorsemanFixer (Roscoe Sweeney)Umbu the Unliving (Hulk & Ka-Zar character)Jake Fury – update and split up from Scorpio profileFirefall (First Line character)DraculaCenturius (Thunderbolts member)Femizonia(s)

Profiles in variousstages of work by Snood

Earth-7484, Keiv, Witness, Merchants (and fullprofiles on Donald Gaffney, Gray Man, General FranklinRetler)

Sakaar-related:

Arch-E5912 / Caiera the Oldstrong / Death’s Head Warguards /Great Arena/ Great Devil Corkers / Great Portal / Hiroim the Shamed / Elloe Kaifi/ Korg of the Kronans / Maw / Mawkaw Magkong / Miek /No-Name of the Brood / Pleasure Cruisers / Sakaar /Sakaarian Imperial / Sakaarian Natives / Shadow People / Warbound /Wildebots

Dreadstar-related:

Vanth Dreadstar / Infinity Horn / Juliet /Lightcutter /Sword of Icy Fire / Whis’par / Za / Zygoteans

Eye ofOdin related:

Dimension of the Eye of Odin /Eye of Odin/ Needful (sword) / Nibelung / Ring of Power/Rhinegold / Siegfried /Tarnhelm

Ka-Zarrelated:

Aerie Shalan / Aerians / Athmeth / Khalf /Lemurans / M’Dom Typ / Pterons

IronFist:

The Fooh / Kheng / Detective Li / HaroldMeachum update / Marion M. Graham hospital / The One / Pei / HeatherRand update / Wendell Randupdate / Shou-Lao update /Brenda Swanson / TerrorPriests /Thunderer/Sparrow

Ultraverse:

Prototype (Bob Campbell) / Prototype (Jimmy Ruiz)

Final editing under Snood

Finalediting under another editor

“Twilight World” (1960s Amazing Adventures prehistoric world) – by Ron Fredricks

Madoxx (Atlantean elder statesman, Namor character) – by MarvellousLuke

Pierre Garou (1950s Journey into Unknown Worlds character) – by Ron Fredricks

IN THE WORKS(not yet received)

Gargoyle (Golden Age Cap America foe) – by AvatarWarlord72

Badoon race of Reality-691 (31st century Guardians of the Galaxy foes) – by Donald Campbell

Cobra – Chadman

Nekra (Daredevil character) – Chadman

Richard Rory (Man-Thing character) – Chadman

Silver Samurai (X-Men character) – Chadman

Crowe (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Gryffn (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Haldane, Ranulph (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Porlock (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Rathcoole (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Tyburn (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Wychwood (Mys-Tech) – Changeling

Wrath (Ultraverse hero) – Grendel Prime

Cullen Bloodstone (Avengers Arena character) – by Loki

(Captain Britain) Corps – by Loki

Euroforce (Marvel Italia) – by Wolfhead & Loki

Gemini (Marvel Italia) – by Wolfhead & Loki

Kylun (Excalibur) – by Loki

Proteus (both 616 and House of M/Exiles, X-Men/Exiles foe) – by Loki

Saturnyne (Captain Britain character) – by Loki

Sat-Yr-Nin/Sat-Yr9 (Captain Britain foe) – by Loki

STRIKE (British agency, Captain Britain characters) – by Loki

Dai Thomas (British inspector, Knights of Pendragon) – by Loki

Veil (Avengers Academy character) – by Loki

Warwolves (Excalibur foes) – by Loki

Citizen V – by MarvellousLuke

Destine family – by MarvellousLuke

Dr. Nemesis/Dr. Death update (X-Club) – by MarvellousLuke

Groot update – by MarvellousLuke

Mangaverse characters – by MarvellousLuke

Namora – MarvellousLuke

Trance (Hope Abbott, X-Men student) – MarvellousLuke

Union Jack (Montgomery, Lord Falsworth) – by MarvellousLuke

Lance Bannon (Daily Bugle, Spider-Man character) – by Minor Irritant

Chimera/Paul Proust (Black Cat character) – by Minor Irritant

Nick Katzenberg (Daily Bugle, Spider-Man character) – by Minor Irritant

Ashley Kafka (Ravencroft psychiatrist, Spider-Man character) – by Minor Irritant

Nightwatch (90s hero, Spider-Man character) – by Minor Irritant

Sha Shan (Flash’s ex-girlfriend, Spider-Man character) – by Minor Irritant

Kristy Watson (MJ’s cousin, Spider-Man character) – by Minor Irritant

The Collective (sentient collection of mutant energy signatures) – by Proto-Man

The Cavalry (Georgia Initiative team) – by Proto-Man

Desert Stars (Arizona Initiative team) – by Proto-Man

Heavy Hitters (Nevada Initiative team) – by Proto-Man

Liberteens (Pennsylvania Initiative team) – by Proto-Man

MVP (Michael Van Patrick) – by Proto-Man

Point Men (Hawaii Initiative team) – by Proto-Man

Power Broker (purple-skinned villain) – by Proto-Man

Scarlet Spiders (MVP clones) – by Proto-Man

Shadow Initiative (Initiative team under HAMMER) – by Proto-Man

Women Warriors (Initiative team under HAMMER) – by Proto-Man

Blade (Eric Brooks, enemy of all vampires) – by Markus Raymond

Captain Atlas (Kree, Avengers/Iron Man foe) – by Markus Raymond

Imei Chang (Doctor Strange character) – by Markus Raymond

Doctor Minerva (Kree, Avengers/Ms. Marvel/Captain Marvel foe) – by Markus Raymond

Fliegende Tod (Nazi weapon, Invaders foe) – by Markus Raymond

The rest is here:
Appendix: New Stuff!

July 12th, 2018

Bat | Bees | Bird Control | Raccoons | Rodent Control …

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24-Hour Emergency Service Call (914) 760-5713

Office Hours: Mon-Fri 7:00am-7:00pm

Professional Wildlife Solutions for Residential and Commercial Customers.Services include: Bat exclusion, Bat removal, Squirrel removal, Bird Removal,Raccoon removal, Skunk Removal as well as Removal of Snakes,Rats, Opossums, Groundhogs, Woodchucks, flying squirrels and more.

Westchester Wildlife provides complete wildlife removal and exclusion services for both residential and commercial structures and properties. We are a widely used and respected company serving Westchester, Dutchess, Putnam, and Fairfield counties. Westchester Wildlife is environmentally conscious and follows all state regulations.

Owner Jim Dreisacker welcomes the opportunity to assist in animal removal, wildlife removal and exclusion concerning most residential andbusiness properties. We are environmentally conscious in the methods we use and follow all state regulations.

Call Westchester Wildlife for your free phone consultation or schedule an appointment with our qualified team of professionals. Westchester Wildlife your wildlife removal and exclusion experts.

Westchester Wildlife Bat and Wildlife Removal Services include Humane Wildlife Removal, Wildlife Trapping and Exclusion services in Fairfield County CT, Westchester County NY, Putnam County NY, and Duchess County NY residences and businesses. Bat Proofing, Humane Trapping, Bat Exclusion, Raccoon Removal, Flying squirrel removal, Raccoon Trapping, Bird Removal, Wildlife Inspections, Squirrel Removal, Groundhog Removal, Squirrel Trapping, Groundhog Trapping, Squirrel , Groundhog , Woodchuck Removal, Mouse Removal, Woodchuck Trapping, Mouse Trapping, Serving Fairfield County CT and Westchester County NY. Locally owned and operated, Licensed and Insured

See the rest here:
Bat | Bees | Bird Control | Raccoons | Rodent Control …

July 12th, 2018

Westchester Wildlife

Comments Off on Westchester Wildlife, Uncategorized, by admin.

24-Hour Emergency Service Call (914) 760-5713

Office Hours: Mon-Fri 7:00am-7:00pm

Professional Wildlife Solutions for Residential and Commercial Customers.Services include: Bat exclusion, Bat removal, Squirrel removal, Bird Removal,Raccoon removal, Skunk Removal as well as Removal of Snakes,Rats, Opossums, Groundhogs, Woodchucks, flying squirrels and more.

Westchester Wildlife provides complete wildlife removal and exclusion services for both residential and commercial structures and properties. We are a widely used and respected company serving Westchester, Dutchess, Putnam, and Fairfield counties. Westchester Wildlife is environmentally conscious and follows all state regulations.

Owner Jim Dreisacker welcomes the opportunity to assist in animal removal, wildlife removal and exclusion concerning most residential andbusiness properties. We are environmentally conscious in the methods we use and follow all state regulations.

Call Westchester Wildlife for your free phone consultation or schedule an appointment with our qualified team of professionals. Westchester Wildlife your wildlife removal and exclusion experts.

Westchester Wildlife Bat and Wildlife Removal Services include Humane Wildlife Removal, Wildlife Trapping and Exclusion services in Fairfield County CT, Westchester County NY, Putnam County NY, and Duchess County NY residences and businesses. Bat Proofing, Humane Trapping, Bat Exclusion, Raccoon Removal, Flying squirrel removal, Raccoon Trapping, Bird Removal, Wildlife Inspections, Squirrel Removal, Groundhog Removal, Squirrel Trapping, Groundhog Trapping, Squirrel , Groundhog , Woodchuck Removal, Mouse Removal, Woodchuck Trapping, Mouse Trapping, Serving Fairfield County CT and Westchester County NY. Locally owned and operated, Licensed and Insured

Go here to read the rest:
Westchester Wildlife

May 23rd, 2018

Contrac Blox – Do-It-Yourself Pest Control

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Contrac Blox – High Bait Acceptance With Rodent Control

Contrac Blox with bromadiolone has one of the highest bait acceptance of all our professional rodent baits. Bromadiolone is a single feed bait, that causes death after one feeding. Contrac Blox is the most palatable bait block on the market. Contrac Blox is made from a blend of food-grade ingredients with a paraffin coating. This process results in an all-weather bait that is highly palatable. It works in both dry and wet conditions. As one of the top products used by professionals, it has unsurpassed in rodent acceptance and control. Contrac Blox is popular as both a clean-out and maintenance rodent bait, working even against warfarin-resistant Norway rats.

Manufactured with Bell’s extrusion process, Contrac Blox has multiple edges that appeal to a rodent’s desire to gnaw. Rodents can consume a lethal dose in just one feeding. Bait shyness is not a problem with Contrac Rodenticide because mortality occurs a few days after bait is consumed.

Packaging

Contrac Blox with Lumitrack has an additive that causes rodent droppings to glow a bright green color under an UV light. Contrac Blox with Lumitrack contains the active ingredient, Bromadiolone and an additional preservative that inhibits mold growth even under the most humid conditions.

Excerpt from:
Contrac Blox – Do-It-Yourself Pest Control

May 18th, 2018

Bed bug – Wikipedia

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Bed bugs are parasitic insects in the genus Cimex that feed exclusively on blood. Cimex lectularius, the common bed bug, is the best known as it prefers to feed on human blood; other Cimex species specialize in other animals, e.g., bat bugs, such as Cimex pipistrelli (Europe), Cimex pilosellus (Western United States), and Cimex adjunctus (entire Eastern United States).[1]

The name bed bug derives from the preferred habitat of Cimex lectularius: warm houses and especially near or inside beds and bedding or other sleep areas. Bed bugs are mainly active at night, but are not exclusively nocturnal. They usually feed on their hosts without being noticed.[2][3][4]

A number of adverse health effects may results from bed bug bites, including skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms.[5] Bed bugs are not known to transmit any pathogens as disease vectors. Certain signs and symptoms suggest the presence of bed bugs; finding the adult insects confirms the diagnosis.

Bed bugs have been known as human parasites for thousands of years.[6] At a point in the early 1940s, they were mostly eradicated in the developed world, but have increased in prevalence since 1995, likely due to pesticide resistance, governmental bans on effective pesticides, and international travel.[7][8] Because infestation of human habitats has begun to increase, bed bug bites and related conditions have also been on the rise.[6][9]

Diagnosis of an infestation involves both finding bed bugs and the occurrence of compatible symptoms.[5] Treatment involves the elimination of the insect (including its eggs) and taking measures to treat symptoms until they resolve.[5]

Bed bug bites or cimicosis may lead to a range of skin manifestations from no visible effects to prominent blisters.[10] Effects include skin rashes, psychological effects, and allergic symptoms.[5]

Although bed bugs can be infected with at least 28 human pathogens, no studies have found that the insects are capable of transmitting any of these to humans.[9] They have been found with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)[11] and with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE), but the significance of this is still unknown.[12]

Investigations into potential transmission of HIV, MRSA, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and hepatitis E have not found any evidence that bed bugs can spread these diseases. However, arboviruses may be transmissible.[13]

Adult bed bugs are light brown to reddish-brown, flat, oval, and have no hind wings. The front wings are vestigial and reduced to pad-like structures. Bed bugs have segmented abdomens with microscopic hairs that give them a banded appearance. Adults grow to 45mm (0.160.20in) long and 1.53mm (0.0590.118in) wide.

Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in color, and become browner as they moult and reach maturity. A bed bug nymph of any age that has just consumed a blood meal has a bright red, translucent abdomen, fading to brown over the next several hours, and to opaque black within two days as the insect digests its meal. Bed bugs may be mistaken for other insects, such as booklice, small cockroaches, or carpet beetles; however, when warm and active, their movements are more ant-like and, like most other true bugs, they emit a characteristic disagreeable odor when crushed.

Bed bugs use pheromones and kairomones to communicate regarding nesting locations, feeding, and reproduction.

The lifespan of bed bugs varies by species and is also dependent on feeding.

Bed bugs can survive a wide range of temperatures and atmospheric compositions.[14] Below 16.1C (61.0F), adults enter semihibernation and can survive longer; they can survive for at least five days at 10C (14F), but die after 15 minutes of exposure to 32C (26F).[15] Common commercial and residential freezers reach temperatures low enough to kill most life stages of bed bug, with 95% mortality after 3 days at 12C (10F).[16] They show high desiccation tolerance, surviving low humidity and a 3540C range even with loss of one-third of body weight; earlier life stages are more susceptible to drying out than later ones.[17]

The thermal death point for C. lectularius is 45C (113F); all stages of life are killed by 7 minutes of exposure to 46C (115F).[15] Bed bugs apparently cannot survive high concentrations of carbon dioxide for very long; exposure to nearly pure nitrogen atmospheres, however, appears to have relatively little effect even after 72 hours.[18]

Bed bugs are obligatory hematophagous (bloodsucking) insects. Most species feed on humans only when other prey are unavailable.[19][20][21] They obtain all the additional moisture they need from water vapor in the surrounding air.[22] Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and also by certain chemicals.[23][24][25] Bedbugs prefer exposed skin, preferably the face, neck, and arms of a sleeping person.

Bedbugs have mouth parts that saw through the skin, and inject saliva with anticoagulants and painkillers. Sensitivity of humans varies from extreme allergic reaction to no reaction at all (about 20%). The bite usually produces a swelling with no red spot, but when many bugs feed on a small area, reddish spots may appear after the swelling subsides.[15]

Although under certain cool conditions adult bed bugs can live for over a year without feeding,[26] under typically warm conditions they try to feed at five- to ten-day intervals, and adults can survive for about five months without food.[27] Younger instars cannot survive nearly as long, though even the vulnerable newly hatched first instars can survive for weeks without taking a blood meal.

At the 57th annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America in 2009, newer generations of pesticide-resistant bed bugs in Virginia were reported to survive only two months without feeding.[28]

DNA from human blood meals can be recovered from bed bugs for up to 90 days, which means they can be used for forensic purposes in identifying on whom the bed bugs have fed.[29][30]

A bed bug pierces the skin of its host with a stylet fascicle, rostrum, or “beak”. The rostrum is composed of the maxillae and mandibles, which have been modified into elongated shapes from a basic, ancestral style. The right and left maxillary stylets are connected at their midline and a section at the centerline forms a large food canal and a smaller salivary canal. The entire maxillary and mandibular bundle penetrates the skin.[4]

The tips of the right and left maxillary stylets are not the same; the right is hook-like and curved, and the left is straight. The right and left mandibular stylets extend along the outer sides of their respective maxillary stylets and do not reach anywhere near the tip of the fused maxillary stylets. The stylets are retained in a groove in the labium, and during feeding, they are freed from the groove as the jointed labium is bent or folded out of the way; its tip never enters the wound.[4]

The mandibular stylet tips have small teeth, and through alternately moving these stylets back and forth, the insect cuts a path through tissue for the maxillary bundle to reach an appropriately sized blood vessel. Pressure from the blood vessel itself fills the insect with blood in three to five minutes. The bug then withdraws the stylet bundle from the feeding position and retracts it back into the labial groove, folds the entire unit back under the head, and returns to its hiding place.[4] It takes between five and ten minutes for a bed bug to become completely engorged with blood.[31] In all, the insect may spend less than 20 minutes in physical contact with its host, and does not try to feed again until it has either completed a moult or, if an adult, has thoroughly digested the meal.

North Carolina State University found that bedbugs in contrast to most other insects tolerate incest and are able to genetically withstand the effects of inbreeding quite well.[32] Male bed bugs sometimes attempt to mate with other males and pierce their abdomens.[33] This behaviour occurs because sexual attraction in bed bugs is based primarily on size, and males mount any freshly fed partner regardless of sex.[34]

All bed bugs mate by traumatic insemination.[3][35] Female bed bugs possess a reproductive tract that functions during oviposition, but the male does not use this tract for sperm insemination.[3] Instead, the male pierces the female’s abdomen with his hypodermic penis and ejaculates into the body cavity. In all bed bug species except Primicimex cavernis, sperm are injected into the mesospermalege,[3] a component of the spermalege,[3] a secondary genital structure that reduces the wounding and immunological costs of traumatic insemination.[36][37][38] Injected sperm travel via the haemolymph (blood) to sperm storage structures called seminal conceptacles, with fertilisation eventually taking place at the ovaries.[37]

The “bed bug alarm pheromone” consists of (E)-2-octenal and (E)-2-hexenal. It is released when a bed bug is disturbed, as during an attack by a predator. A 2009 study demonstrated the alarm pheromone is also released by male bed bugs to repel other males that attempt to mate with them.[38][39]

Cimex lectularius and C. hemipterus mate with each other given the opportunity, but the eggs then produced are usually sterile. In a 1988 study, one of 479 eggs was fertile and resulted in a hybrid, Cimex hemipterus lectularius.[40][41]

Cimex lectularius males have environmental microbes on their genitals. These microbes damage sperm cells, leaving them unable to fertilize female gametes. Due to these dangerous microbes, males have evolved antimicrobial ejaculate substances that prevent sperm damage. When the microbes contact sperm or the male genitals, the bed bug releases antimicrobial substances. Many species of these microbes live in the bodies of females after mating. The microbes can cause infections in the females. It has been suggested that females receive benefit from the ejaculate. Though the benefit is not direct, females are able to produce more eggs than optimum increasing the amount of the females’ genes in the gene pool.[42]

In organisms, sexual selection extends past differential reproduction to affect sperm composition, sperm competition, and ejaculate size. Males of C. lectularius allocate 12% of their sperm and 19% of their seminal fluid per mating. Due to these findings, Reinhard et. al proposed that multiple mating is limited by seminal fluid and not sperm. After measuring ejaculate volume, mating rate and estimating sperm density, Reinhardt et al. showed that mating could be limited by seminal fluid. Despite these advances, the cost difference between ejaculate-dose dependence and mating frequency dependence have not been explored.[43]

Males fertilize females only by traumatic insemination into the structure called the ectospermalege (the organ of Berlese, however the organ of Ribaga, as it was first named, was first designated as an organ of stridulation. These two names are not descriptive, so other terminologies are used). On fertilization, the female’s ovaries finish developing, which suggests that sperm plays a role other than fertilizing the egg. Fertilization also allows for egg production through the corpus allatum. Sperm remains viable in a female’s spermathecae (a better term is conceptacle), a sperm-carrying sack, for a long period of time as long as body temperature is optimum. The female lays fertilized eggs until she depletes the sperm found in her conceptacle. After the depletion of sperm, she lays a few sterile eggs. The number of eggs a C. lectularius female produces does not depend on the sperm she harbors, but on the female’s nutritional level.[44]

In C. lectularius, males sometimes mount other males because male sexual interest is directed at any recently fed individual regardless of their sex, but unfed females may also be mounted. Traumatic insemination is the only way for copulation to occur in bed bugs. Females have evolved the spermalege to protect themselves from wounding and infection. Because males lack this organ, traumatic insemination could leave them badly injured. For this reason, males have evolved alarm pheromones to signal their sex to other males. If a male C. lectularius mounts another male, the mounted male releases the pheromone signal and the male on top stops before insemination.

Females are capable of producing alarm pheromones to avoid multiple mating, but they generally do not do so. Two reasons are proposed as to why females do not release alarm pheromones to protect themselves. First, alarm pheromone production is costly. Due to egg production, females may refrain from spending additional energy on alarm pheromones. The second proposed reason is that releasing the alarm pheromone reduces the benefits associated with multiple mating.[45] Benefits of multiple mating include material benefits, better quality nourishment or more nourishment, genetic benefits including increased fitness of offspring, and finally, the cost of resistance may be higher than the benefit of consentwhich appears the case in C. lectularius.[46]

Bed bugs have five immature nymph life stages and a final sexually mature adult stage.[47] They shed their skins through ecdysis at each stage, discarding their outer exoskeleton, which is somewhat clear, empty exoskeletons of the bugs themselves. Bed bugs must molt six times before becoming fertile adults, and must consume at least one blood meal to complete each molt.[48]

Each of the immature stages lasts about a week, depending on temperature and the availability of food, and the complete lifecycle can be completed in as little as two months (rather long compared to other ectoparasites). Fertilized females with enough food lay three to four eggs each day continually until the end of their lifespans (about nine months under warm conditions), possibly generating as many as 500 eggs in this time.[48] Genetic analysis has shown that a single pregnant bed bug, possibly a single survivor of eradication, can be responsible for an entire infestation over a matter of weeks, rapidly producing generations of offspring.[49]

On the right is recently sloughed skin from its nymph stage

Blood-fed stage (note differences in color with respect to digestion of blood meal)

Sexual dimorphism occurs in C. lectularius, with the females larger in size than the males on average. The abdomens of the sexes differ in that the males appear to have “pointed” abdomens, which are actually their copulatory organs, while females have more rounded abdomens. Since males are attracted to large body size, any bed bug with a recent blood meal can be seen as a potential mate. However, males will mount unfed, flat females on occasion. The female is able to curl her abdomen forward and underneath toward the head to not mate. Males are generally unable to discriminate between the sexes until after mounting, but before inseminating.[50]

C. lectularius only feeds every five to seven days, which suggests that it does not spend the majority of its life searching for a host. When a bed bug is starved, it leaves its shelter and searches for a host. If it successfully feeds, it returns to its shelter. If it does not feed, it continues to search for a host. After searchingregardless of whether or not it has eatenthe bed bug returns to the shelter to aggregate before the photophase (period of light during a day-night cycle). Reis argues that two reasons explain why C. lectularius would return to its shelter and aggregate after feeding. One is to find a mate and the other is to find shelter to avoid getting smashed after eating.[51]

C. lectularius aggregates under all life stages and mating conditions. Bed bugs may choose to aggregate because of predation, resistance to desiccation, and more opportunities to find a mate. Airborne pheromones are responsible for aggregations. Another source of aggregation could be the recognition of other C. lectularius bugs through mechanoreceptors located on their antennae. Aggregations are formed and disbanded based on the associated cost and benefits. Females are more often found separate from the aggregation than males. Females are more likely to expand the population range and find new sites. Active female dispersal can account for treatment failures. Males, when found in areas with few females, abandon an aggregation to find a new mate. The males excrete an aggregation pheromone into the air that attracts virgin females and arrests other males.[52]

Bed bugs can exist singly, but tend to congregate once established. Though strictly parasitic, they spend only a tiny fraction of their lifecycles physically attached to hosts. Once a bed bug finishes feeding, it relocates to a place close to a known host, commonly in or near beds or couches in clusters of adults, juveniles, and eggswhich entomologists call harborage areas or simply harborages to which the insect returns after future feedings by following chemical trails. These places can vary greatly in format, including luggage, inside of vehicles, within furniture, amongst bedside cluttereven inside electrical sockets and nearby laptop computers. Bed bugs may also nest near animals that have nested within a dwelling, such as bats, birds,[53] or rodents. They are also capable of surviving on domestic cats and dogs, though humans are the preferred host of C. lectularius.[54]

Bed bugs can also be detected by their characteristic smell of rotting raspberries.[55] Bed bug detection dogs are trained to pinpoint infestations, with a possible accuracy rate between 11% and 83%.[56] Homemade detectors have been developed.[57][58]

Bed bugs are extremely difficult to get rid of.[6] This frequently requires a combination of nonpesticide approaches and the use of insecticides.[6][9]

Mechanical approaches, such as vacuuming up the insects and heat-treating or wrapping mattresses, are effective.[6][56] An hour at a temperature of 45C (113F) or over, or two hours at less than 17C (1F) kills them.[56] This may include a domestic clothes drier for fabric or a commercial steamer. Bed bugs and their eggs will die on contact when exposed to surface temperatures above 180 degrees and a steamer can reach well above 230 degrees.[59][15] A study found 100% mortality rates for bed bugs exposed to temperatures greater than 50C (122F) for more than 2 minutes. The study recommended maintaining temperatures of above 48C for more than 20 min to effectively kill all life stages of bed bugs, and because in practice treatment times of 6 to 8 hours are used to account for cracks and indoor clutter.[60] This method is expensive and has caused fires.[56][15] Starving them is not effective as they can survive without eating for 100 to 300 days, depending on temperature.[56] For public health reasons, individuals are encouraged to call a professional pest control service to eradicate bed bugs in a home, rather than attempting to do it themselves, particularly if they live in a multifamily building.[61]

As of 2012[update], no truly effective insecticides are available.[56] Insecticides that have historically been found effective include pyrethroids, dichlorvos, and malathion.[9] Resistance to pesticides has increased significantly over time, and harm to health from their use is of concern.[6] The carbamate insecticide propoxur is highly toxic to bed bugs, but it has potential toxicity to children exposed to it, and the US Environmental Protection Agency has been reluctant to approve it for indoor use.[62] Boric acid, occasionally applied as a safe indoor insecticide, is not effective against bed bugs because they do not groom.[63][dubious discuss] The fungus Beauveria bassiana is being researched as of 2012[update] for its ability to control bed bugs.[64] As bed bugs continue to adapt pesticide resistance, researchers have examined the insect’s genome to see how its adaptations develop and to look for potential vulnerabilities that can be exploited in its growth and development phases.[65]

Natural enemies of bed bugs include the masked hunter insect (also known as “masked bed bug hunter”),[66] cockroaches,[67] ants, spiders (particularly Thanatus flavidus), mites, and centipedes (particularly the house centipede Scutigera coleoptrata). However, biological pest control is not considered practical for eliminating bed bugs from human dwellings.[15]

Bed bugs occur around the world.[68] Rates of infestations in developed countries, while decreasing from the 1930s to the 1980s, have increased dramatically since the 1980s.[6][9][68] Previously, they were common in the developing world, but rare in the developed world.[9] The increase in the developed world may have been caused by increased international travel, resistance to insecticides, and the use of new pest-control methods that do not affect bed bugs.[69][70]

The exact causes of this resurgence remain unclear; it is variously ascribed to greater foreign travel, increased immigration from the developing world to the developed world, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings among homes, a greater focus on control of other pests, resulting in neglect of bed bug countermeasures, and increasing resistance to pesticides.[9][69] Declines in household cockroach populations that have resulted from the use of insecticides effective against this major bed bug predator have aided the bed bugs’ resurgence, as have bans on DDT and other potent pesticides.[71][medical citation needed]

The fall in bed bug populations after the 1930s in the developed world is believed partly due to the use of DDT to kill cockroaches.[72] The invention of the vacuum cleaner and simplification of furniture design may have also played a role.[72] Others believe it might simply be the cyclical nature of the organism.[73]

The common bed bug (C. lectularius) is the species best adapted to human environments. It is found in temperate climates throughout the world. Other species include Cimex hemipterus, found in tropical regions, which also infests poultry and bats, and Leptocimex boueti, found in the tropics of West Africa and South America, which infests bats and humans. Cimex pilosellus and Cimex pipistrella primarily infest bats, while Haematosiphon inodora, a species of North America, primarily infests poultry.[74]

In November 2016, a media report noted that tropical bed bugs, Cimex hemipterus, which had been extirpated from the state during World War II, were discovered in Brevard County, Florida and are expected to spread in distribution within the United States.[75][76]

C. lectularius may have originated in the Middle East in caves inhabited by bats and humans.[20]

Bed bugs were mentioned in ancient Greece as early as 400 BC, and were later mentioned by Aristotle. Pliny’s Natural History, first published circa AD 77 in Rome, claimed bed bugs had medicinal value in treating ailments such as snake bites and ear infections. (Belief in the medicinal use of bed bugs persisted until at least the 18th century, when Guettard recommended their use in the treatment of hysteria.[77])

Bed bugs were first mentioned in Germany in the 11th century, in France in the 13th century, and in England in 1583,[20] though they remained rare in England until 1670. Some in the 18th century believed bed bugs had been brought to London with supplies of wood to rebuild the city after the Great Fire of London (1666). Giovanni Antonio Scopoli noted their presence in Carniola (roughly equivalent to present-day Slovenia) in the 18th century.[78][79]

Traditional methods of repelling and/or killing bed bugs include the use of plants, fungi, and insects (or their extracts), such as black pepper;[80] black cohosh (Actaea racemosa); Pseudarthria hookeri; Laggera alata (Chinese yngmo co | );[15] Eucalyptus saligna oil;[81][82] henna (Lawsonia inermis or camphire);[83] “infused oil of Melolontha vulgaris” (presumably cockchafer); fly agaric (Amanita muscaria); Actaea spp. (e.g. black cohosh); tobacco; “heated oil of Terebinthina” (i.e. true turpentine); wild mint (Mentha arvensis); narrow-leaved pepperwort (Lepidium ruderale); Myrica spp. (e.g. bayberry); Robert geranium (Geranium robertianum); bugbane (Cimicifuga spp.); “herb and seeds of Cannabis”; “opulus” berries (possibly maple or European cranberrybush); masked hunter bugs (Reduvius personatus), “and many others”.[84]

In the mid-19th century, smoke from peat fires was recommended as an indoor domestic fumigant against bed bugs.[85]

Dusts have been used to ward off insects from grain storage for centuries, including plant ash, lime, dolomite, certain types of soil, and diatomaceous earth or Kieselguhr.[86] Of these, diatomaceous earth in particular has seen a revival as a nontoxic (when in amorphous form) residual pesticide for bed bug abatement. While diatomaceous earth performed poorly, silica gel may be effective.[87][88]

Basket-work panels were put around beds and shaken out in the morning in the UK and in France in the 19th century. Scattering leaves of plants with microscopic hooked hairs around a bed at night, then sweeping them up in the morning and burning them, was a technique reportedly used in Southern Rhodesia and in the Balkans.[89]

Bean leaves have been used historically to trap bedbugs in houses in Eastern Europe. The trichomes on the bean leaves capture the insects by impaling the feet (tarsi) of the insects. The leaves are then destroyed.[90]

Prior to the mid-20th century, bed bugs were very common. According to a report by the UK Ministry of Health, in 1933, all the houses in many areas had some degree of bed bug infestation.[91] The increase in bed bug populations in the early 20th century has been attributed to the advent of electric heating, which allowed bed bugs to thrive year-round instead of only in warm weather.[92]

Bed bugs were a serious problem at US military bases during World War II.[93] Initially, the problem was solved by fumigation, using Zyklon Discoids that released hydrogen cyanide gas, a rather dangerous procedure.[93] Later, DDT was used to good effect.[93]

The decline of bed bug populations in the 20th century is often credited to potent pesticides that had not previously been widely available.[94] Other contributing factors that are less frequently mentioned in news reports are increased public awareness and slum clearance programs that combined pesticide use with steam disinfection, relocation of slum dwellers to new housing, and in some cases also follow-up inspections for several months after relocated tenants moved into their new housing.[92]

Bed bug infestations have resurged since the 1980s[49] for reasons that are not clear, but contributing factors may be complacency, increased resistance, bans on pesticides, and increased international travel.[94] The U.S. National Pest Management Association reported a 71% increase in bed bug calls between 2000 and 2005.[95] The number of reported incidents in New York City alone rose from 500 in 2004 to 10,000 in 2009.[96] In 2013, Chicago was listed as the number 1 city in the United States with the worst bed bug infestation.[97] As a result, the Chicago City Council passed a bed bug control ordinance to limit their spread. Additionally, bed bugs are reaching places in which they never established before, such as southern South America.[98][99]

One recent theory about bed bug reappearance in the US is that they never truly disappeared, but may have been forced to alternative hosts. Consistent with this is the finding that bed bug DNA shows no evidence of an evolutionary bottleneck. Furthermore, investigators have found high populations of bed bugs at poultry facilities in Arkansas. Poultry workers at these facilities may be spreading bed bugs, unknowingly carrying them to their places of residence and elsewhere after leaving work.[100][101]

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Bed bug – Wikipedia

May 9th, 2018

Wildlife Removal | Animal Trapping | Queens NY

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Queens animal removal and control experts is a full-service animal control company located in Queens County, New York providing Nuisance Wildlife Control Services for the removal and control of such animals as Birds, Bats, Bees, Squirrels, Groundhogs, Snakes, Mice, Skunks, Raccoons, Possums, and Rats. We are Queenss expert nuisance animal removal specialist. Some of the areas we service include: Jamaica, Ozone Park, Elmhurst, Ridgewood, Bayside, and Flushing, New York.

Queens Animal Removal provides Nuisance Animal Removal throughout Queens County, NY. Types of wild animal species typically found in the areas of Queens County and surrounding areas include Gophers, Pocket Gophers, Deer, Moles, Coyotes, Bees, Rats, Raccoons, Chipmunks, Bats, Birds, Skunks, Snakes, Foxes, Groundhogs, Mice, and Squirrels. Animal Control operators can trap and remove all types of nuisance animals that may be causing damage to your home or business. Wild animals become a nuisance when they gain access to your house or business causing structural damage, and contaminating your attic with urine and feces. All types of animals can be trapped and removed by animal control experts.

We specialize in the removal and control of wild nuisance pest animals from your Queens County home or business. Animal removal in Queens is closely regulated by the County of Orange and by the state of New York to ensure humane and proper treatment of the wild animals of Queens County. Before you hire any animal removal company in Queens, you should check to make sure they have the proper nuisance wildlife permit from the New York Department Fish and Game. Also, make sure that they have the proper insurance and license before they perform any type work to your home or business. The most common animal problems in Queens NY, that animal removal expert resolve is squirrel removal, raccoon removal, rat removal, possum removal, skunk removal, rodent removal, bird removal, mice control, and bat removal.

Queens Squirrel Removal is a very common call in the spring and fall. Squirrels take advantage of the very close housing in Queens and are often seen jumping from rooftop to rooftop and running back-and-forth on the power lines. Squirrel Removal and Squirrel control in Queens is on the rise and should be handled as soon as a squirrel problem is discovered in your home or attic. The last thing you want to do is allow the squirrels to stay in your attic! Many homeowners in Queens New York area have need for squirrel removal and control however they do not know who to call. Queens squirrel removal should be handled in a timely fashion so the squirrels do not chew your wiring and dig holes in your sheet rock as they are in the birthing process in the attic area of your home.

Squirrels are usually tree dwelling animals, nut in the areas of Queens, New York these animals are often seen running along power lines and along our Queens streets and byways. This nest should not be a welcome guest in your home. As soon as you become aware of a squirrel living in your attic or other area of your home you should immediately contact a professional Queens squirrel removal agent.

Queens Raccoon Removal is another common animal removal problem we deal with in Orange County. Raccoons are very clever animals and they have learned to adapt very well to the suburban environment of Queens, NY. Raccoons dig through trash, dig up yards and destroy everything to obtain food. Raccoon Removal in Queens is critical as the raccoons will get into the attic of your home and do a large amount of damage in a short period of time. Raccoons should not be allowed to stay in your Queens attic and should be removed as soon as they are discovered.

Raccoons can be one of the most destructive animals in NY; Raccoons are responsible for over $2 billion annually of the insurance claims throughout the United States. The distractions that raccoons do to your Queens area home can be astronomical. The damage that raccoons do in Queens area homes are as follows: raccoons tear up your ductwork, raccoons soil your insulation, raccoons cause damage to your attic vents and lastly raccoons pose a threat to your family’s health by possibly bringing in diseases that are easily spread to humans. Queens raccoon removal is on the rise in this animal should not be allowed to spend another night in your Queens area home.

Queens Bat Removal has been on the rise for the last several years. Bats have been found in the Queens County, professional offices, New York churches and many homes throughout the entire County of Orange, New York. The most common problem associated with bats in your attic is the large amount of bat guano that builds up in your attic over a period of time. Bats should never be allowed to stay in your attic. As soon as bats are discovered in your attic call a bat removal and bat control professional in Queens immediately, especially an expert at Bat Exclusion. Bat removal in Queens has been on the rise for the last 10 years the cases in this Queens of bat guano and bat guano cleanup has risen significantly over the past three years. The average cost of bat removal in Queens is relatively low in the initial stages however if this bat problem is allowed to remain, the cost of the removal of bats in your Queens attic goes up significantly. There are costs associated with the guano removal from the attic area of your home. Also there should be some degree of biohazard cleanup that goes along with having a bat infestation in your Queens, New York attic.

Queens Rat Removal is a very common pest problem and a common complaint received in the areas of Queens New York . Rats and mice can be found living in attics, crawlspaces, garages, and in the basements of homes and businesses throughout Queens, NY. These pests will also take up residence in sheds, barns, outbuildings and even in cars. Rats will seek any opportunity for shelter if an access can be gained by these pests.

Rat control and rat removal should be initiated as soon as a rat has been discovered in a home or business. Rats are very quick breeding pest and a small pest problem can quickly turn into a rat infestation. Rats pose dangers by chewing wires and on any structure which can lead to fires. Queens Wildlife Professionals have the knowledge and training to get the job done quickly and humanely. Rats living in an attic or crawlspace can also contaminate the insulation with rat droppings and urine.

Queens Skunk Removal is another common animal that is found in Queens and the complaints that we receive are numerous. The most common being skunks digging under the stoops or steps of your house to gain access to a decent place to live. This becomes a problem if a homeowner has a dog and the dog and the skunk meet. The one that usually wins is the skunk. Never try to deal with a skunk removal problem yourself, always contact a professional skunk removal expert.

Skunks are a unique animal and we have found that they do some really strange things in the Queens, NY area. One of the more interesting things that we have found that it’s specifically to Queens, NY is the skunks big under your front porch and has skunk babies underneath your front steps. There are several other areas in the United States that this happens but Queens is one of the few areas that this is a prevalent problem. Don’t let the skunks of Queens overtake your home give the professionals listed on this page a call that today to have your skunks removed from your Queens home.

A Queens Possum Removal specialist can minimize damage caused to your garden and home. Opossums or possums can wreak havoc on your Queens garden and sod. These rat-tailed mammals may hit even closer to home by causing damage to your house as they try to gain entry. Possums will take up residence under sheds, in hot tubs and outbuildings. A shed is normally elevated off the ground and is perfect for raising a possum family.Opossums are North Americas only marsupial, which means that opossum babies live in their mothers pouch. Opossums are white or gray with long, pointed faces, and bodies about the size of a house cat. Opossums 50 teeth number more than any other North American mammal, and their canine fangs are very visible.

Opossum or Possum Removal should be initiated as soon as the animal has been discovered living in your area. Queens is home to some very large Opossum or Possums and some exceed 20 pounds! The Possum is also called a Virginia Opossum. Opossum or Possum Removal should only be attempted by people who understand the danger this animal can present. Queens Animal Removal experts understand this danger and have the tools and training to safely handle these very strong animals. Queens animal control experts are your local professionals for Opossum or Possum Removal.

Animal Removal Services include trapping and removing of nuisance wildlife, repairing animal damage, and animal proofing existing structures that may be at risk for animal entry. Other services include dead animal removal, animal trapping, wildlife exclusions, removal and replacement of contaminated insulation attic cleanup, animal waste removal and pest control.

These are just a few of the more common animal removal calls we deal with in Queens, NY. We can also help with other animal removal problems related to birds, foxes, coyotes, beavers and any wildlife that is found in the state of New York. We are a privately held company and do not deal with dog or cat calls, please call your local County Animal Control office for this, 646-652-6968.

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Wildlife Removal | Animal Trapping | Queens NY

May 2nd, 2018

Pest Control & Exterminator NYC – B & D Pest Solutions LLC

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We provide end to end exterminator, pest control and management services for residential commercial and industrial setups. (855) 682-2855

Licensed & Insured Locations in NYC & NJ

Pests can include an array of insects, birds, rodents and even some animals like raccoons, squirrels and bats. These pests are always looking for food, water and a comfortable habitat, and can infest your surroundings. Minor infestations, if not controlled or removed in time can cause large infestations, causing nuisance and increasing the spread of diseases.

With B & D Pest Solutions, one of the best exterminators in NYC, you will find the answer to all pest problems. Our exterminator services are provided by experienced, trained and qualified technicians who will provide customized solutions according to your requirements. Backed by a scientific approach and quality pest management technology, our technicians will first conduct a thorough inspection to identify the problem areas. After the treatment is complete, you can opt for regular service follow ups to ensure complete extermination.

Licensed & Insured

At B & D Pest Solutions, our goal is to provide our residential and commercial customers quality service so that we establish a long-term relationship. We give comprehensive assessments, we guarantee our work and if the problem persists, we will return as many times as needed until the situation is under control.

Ant ControlWe will make an initial inspection, determine what kind of ant infestation you have and propose the most effective elimination system. Ants be gone!

Bed Bug Control and dont let the bed bugs biteand if they do, hitem with a shoe If it were only as simple as that old childhood ditty! Bed bugs, or cimicidae

Roach ControlCockroaches are repulsive to people merely by their presence. Besides, they have been found to be an important source of allergy in people, trailing

B & D Pest Solutions provide exterminator services for a wide variety of pests including:

Ants are a common nuisance in most homes and commercial facilities. Mostly found around areas that house foods, ant infestations can be a year round problem. With BD Pest Solutions, the best exterminator, NYC, ant infestations are cleared with a combination of procedures that include ensuring healthy sanitation, removal of pheromones, targeting entry points and exterminating active ant nests.

Bed bugs are parasitic insects that bite and feed on human blood. Bed bug infestations are often found in hotel rooms and lodges, and it is often a challenge to completely eliminate them. Our team of technicians will use human safe, toxic-free, chemicals that will help in exterminate the bugs.

Cockroaches are repulsive, not only because of the way they look, but also because they are known to spread diseases and allergies among humans. At B & D Pest Solutions, we undertake complete cockroach elimination by ensuring all areas like under sinks, crevices and folds within refrigerator linings, spaces in the microwave and washing machines, in the bathroom, all drain holes, stoves and dishwasher, along the lining of the waste baskets, etc. are targeted. Our best exterminators, NYC, know the correct areas and the right amount of treatment that is required to eliminate these pests.

Fleas can cause serious diseases and infections like bubonic plague, rashes, and tapeworm infections. Often found in pets like dogs and cats, these insects are immune to insecticides in the cocoon stage. Therefore, it is not common to find flea larvae again just after a treatment. In order to eliminate them altogether, regular treatments with service follow ups are required. Our technicians will not only help with treatment, but also provide sanitation advice to keep fleas at bay.

Rats and mice can cause a lot of destruction and devastation within homes as well as in commercial and residential facilities. Apart from damage to property, rodents can spread serious diseases and infections like Lyme disease, plague, tapeworms and salmonella. Call on our best exterminators, NYC, to get rid of those rodents!

Termites can actually make the structure of your building weak by eating through walls, entire columns and even the whole framework (in extreme infestations). Sadly damage due termite infestations doesnt get covered by home insurance. Therefore the damages have to be borne by you! Termites thrive in damp, dark spaces where food (wood) is abundant. Because termite infestations are difficult to catch in initial stages, it is essential to use preventive measures to keep termites away.

Pest infestations need immediate attention and at B & D Pest Solutions, we have extensive experience and expertise in eliminating a wide variety of pests, and we can respond urgently to your service calls.Call the best and live without pest!

B & D Pest Solutions has been servicing homes for many years. We service commercial customersrestaurants, offices, apartment buildings, and retail stores. We also have a growing number of residential customers who hire us to get rid of termites, bed bugs, fleas, spiders, rodents, ants, and roaches.

Aug 2, 2017

AWESOME!

This company is awesome! In particular, Brandon returned all my calls promptly and answered all my questions. He is very patient, warm and professional. He came quickly fixed the problem in no time and the price was right also. I will always use them if I have another problem. I highly recommend! They are awesome! Thank you for my peace of mind.

Apr 21, 2017

New Customer

As a new owner of a condo i had a bit of an ant problem. My neighbors referred Brandon to me. He was professional, courteous, has an amazing staff, and is absolutely affordable. They guarantee their work. I’m glad to be a customer!

Mar 24, 2017

Brandyn is professional and responsive. I highly recommend this company.” – via Google

Feb 26, 2017

I have to say that these guys were relentless with my squirrel situation! Very professional, on time, and helped out a great deal!” – via Google

Jan 31, 2017

I received a prompt response when I inquired about squirrel exclusion services. During my inspection, I also inquired about treatment for mice and spiders which, they were able to accommodate me with a quarterly package. I was very pleased with the initial inspection as I felt it was very thorough and the technician was very informative. They arrived in a timely fashion and provided the services at the agreed upon price. I highly recommend B&D because their prices are reasonable, they are prompt , courteous, and so far, I am satisfied with their service.” – via Google

Nov 25, 2016

Great service and price” – via Google

Oct 31, 2016

I found B&D through Thumbtack and decided to try them since they were so quick in responding to my inquiry (compared to some other services I had found through Google). My family and I had just moved into a basement apartment in Manhattan – and we quickly found ourselves to be nearly overridden with centipedes (super-creepy, super-fast, and totally unsettling – especially to my wife and our young daughter). I called one afternoon and B&D were able to send a technician to our place first thing the following morning. He came on time and was very courteous and professional – he explained the process and the materials being used and went to work. Completely solved the problem – no more centipedes! We will happily be using B&D for any future maintenance/refresher treatments.” – via Google

Mar 31, 2016

My experience with Brandyn was wonderful. He was so professional and patient. I highly recommend him! He even came out on a Sunday morning when I was concerned about something. He came and talked to me and did the follow up just so I felt better.” – via Google

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April 19th, 2018

Squirrel Control & Removal NYC | Queens | Standard Pest …

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Our Squirrel Control & Removal Services In New York City, Westchester County or Long Island, NY

They will primarily try to build up bundles of food within the forks of trees and even dig up bulbs from gardens. Though, this is not the main reason why they are such a nuisance to home and commercial property owners. They will attempt to gain access to your indoors via crawling across power lines, entering through chimneys, or through an entry point within your wall or roofing. Once they get in, youll want them to leave right away.

Points:

Facts:

The nesting of Squirrels within your home or building can cause tremendous issues and hazards. To begin, they are known to chew through electrical wire creating a fire hazard. Theyre nesting materials also contain parasites such as Ticks, Mites and Fleas. Its in their known behavior to gather up bundles of food, collect it, bring it to the nest and save it for later.

This is very simple. Youll be able to hear them scratching between the walls and ceilings. This is only natural since they may be traveling in and out of your property to gather food and may be nesting in the attic during the colder months of the year. The scratching is a telltale sign of a Squirrel intrusion. Squirrels are a large member of the Rodent family and should be removed as quickly as possible to avoid further disruption or damage.

After completely surveying every inch of your property, our field technician will mark down all of the problem areas (entry spots for Squirrels to enter). We will then remove all the Squirrels hidden within your premises inside and outside. After they have been removed, our team will get to work permanently sealing up any holes or exposed areas used by Squirrels in the past to get inside.

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Squirrel Control & Removal NYC | Queens | Standard Pest …